Entomology and Pest Management
Deployment Pest Management: Entomological and Zoonotic Operational Risk Assessments 

Entomological and zoonotic operational risk assessments (EZORAs) are prepared jointly by the PHC Entomological Sciences Program and the Veterinary Services Portfolio to assist public health and military medical planners with pre-deployment planning and deployments to a country of concern.

  • In addition to vector-borne disease risk, an EZORA also cover zoonotic risks such as: 

o   Animal-contact (rabies, Q fever, anthrax)

o   Water-contact and water-borne (schistosomiasis, leptospirosis, brucellosis)

o   Aerosolized dust or soil-contact (soil-transmitted helminths, hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, Lassa fever)

o   Other contagious diseases that can potentially spread between animals and humans (monkeypox, Marburg hemorrhagic fever, Ebola hemorrhagic fever)

o   Zoological risks (venomous snakes, scorpions, spiders, cone shells)  


  • Sources for technical contents of the EZORAS:

o   National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI)

o   Armed Forces Pest Management Board (AFPMB)

o   AFPMB Technical Guide 46 (DoD Entomological Operational Risk Assessment)

o   US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

o   Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (WRBU)

o   World Health Organization


Contact USAPHC Entomological Sciences Program to obtain an EZORA for the country of interest.


Related Public Health Command Programs