Health Risk Assessment, Surveillance, and Management
Environmental Health Risk Assessment - Publications 
The Environmental Health Risk Assessment Program conducts health risk assessments, advises decision-makers on health risk management issues, and develops technical guides for assessing and managing health risks associated with chemical and microbiological hazards that may be found in the environment.  Selected publications and technical guides are provided below.

PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION PAPERS
 
Public Health Information Paper 39-01-0514, Microbial Risk Assessment for Unrestricted Wastewater Reuse During Army Deployments

This assessment evaluates microbial health risks associated with wastewater reuse in deployed settings.  The assessment  uses Escherichia coli concentration as a measure of risk from exposure to microbial pathogens that might be found in treated wastewater.  The risk assessment provides background on the need for considering treated wastewater reuse, explains why E. coli was selected to measure microbial risk, and provides details of the risk assessment and associated scientific uncertainties.  Risk-based water concentrations (RBWCs) were developed for E. coli for full-body contact activities (e.g., showering) under various exposure assumptions.  The report provides information and guidance for setting a microbial standard for unrestricted reuse of treated wastewater using currently fielded measurement equipment.  The supplements provide additional detail on interpreting the risk estimates.

Associated Documents: PHIP-39-01-0514, Supplement A, Supplement B, Supplement C

Date: May 2014 and December 2014

TECHNICAL GUIDES
 
Technical Guide 230 - Environmental Health Risk Assessment and Chemical Exposure Guidelines for Deployed Military Personnel   

TG230 provides a standard methodology for characterizing chemical exposure health risks at deployment locations in a manner that is consistent with military risk management doctrine.  Health-based, military exposure guidelines (MEGs) for chemicals are presented for air, water, and soil associated with various deployment exposure scenarios.

Associated Documents:  TG230, RD230, RD230 Addendum, Master MEG Table    (when opening the Master MEG Table, click cancel in the pop-up window)

Date: December 2013

Current Status:  The 2013 Revision is now posted.  The RD230 document did not change from 2010, but there is an RD230 Addendum.  The MEG quality improvement initiative continues.  

Technical Guide 248 - Guide for Deployed Preventive Medicine Personnel on Health Risk Management

TG248 introduces the processes and tools that can be used to make appropriate decisions based on medical threats.  It is written for preventive medicine personnel who are assigned the task of providing deployment health risk assessments to the commander based on Occupational and Environmental Hazard and Endemic Disease (OEH/ED) surveillance.

Associated Documents: TG248

DateAugust 2001

Current Status:  An administrative review was performed and TG248 was certified current October 2010.  With the planned revisions to DA PAM 40-11 (Preventive Medicine), this TG will likely be phased out.

 Technical Guide 254 - Standard Practice for Wildlife Toxicity Reference Values

TG254 establishes a standard methodology for generating, supporting, and documenting defensible wildlife toxicity reference values (TRVs) for chemicals of interest in Army ecological risk assessments. 

Associated Documents Please contact the USAPHC Publication Management Division for more information.

Date: October 2000

Current Status:  TG254 is a USAPHC legacy publication under review. 

Technical Guide 312 - Health Risk Assessment Methods and Screening Levels for Evaluating Office Worker Exposures to Contaminants on Indoor Surfaces Using Surface Wipe Data

TG312 provides a method for evaluating potential health risks to office workers from exposure to chemical substances on indoor work surfaces. This technical guide is intended to provide users with the option of conducting a screening analysis or a site-specific characterization of potential health risks from exposure to contaminants.

Associated Documents: TG312

Date: June 2009

Current Status:   At this time there are no specific revisions planned.

Technical Guide 316 - Microbial Risk Assessment for Aerosolized Microorganisms (and TG316 Supplements)

TG316 provides a general methodology framework for assessing aerosolized microbial hazards and characterize risk as a result of environmental, occupational, or intentional exposures. The TG outlines the considerations and steps necessary to complete a microbial risk assessment.  It is designed to be used as a preplanning or post-event tool.  Stand-alone TG 316 supplements provide specific information and risk assessment tools, to include biological military exposure guidelines (BMEGs).

Associated DocumentsTG 316 and numerous TG 316 supplements have been published with a restricted distribution.  (Password protected - AKO)

Date: August 2009 - April 2014

Current Status: Multiple TG316 Supplements are under active development. 

Technical Guide 330 - The Rodent Sperm Analysis Method in Terrestrial Health Risk Assessment

TG330 describes the Rodent Sperm Analysis (RSA) method, an Army-developed and patented method that enhances terrestrial ecological risk assessments for mammals.  RSA is a one-of-a-kind direct health status assessment method for actual mammalian populations in the field at contaminated sites.

Associated Documents:  TG 330, RSA Brochure

Date: February 2012

Current Status: Current.  

 

 

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