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Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors (SHRUB), September 2009
Since 1980, the Department of Defense (DoD) has collected information regarding the behavioral and health readiness of active duty military personnel through the Survey of Health Related Behaviors among Military Personnel. In 2005, DoD initiated the Department of Defense Lifestyle Assessment Program (DLAP), incorporating the active duty health behaviors study with the National Guard and Reserves data, as well as other special studies. Findings provide information on the fitness of the force, including estimates of alcohol, drug, and tobacco use; nutrition and physical activity; and critical assessments of emotional stress and other issues. Data are used to assess and document potential health and lifestyle issues, track health-related trends, and identify high-risk groups and areas needing additional screening or intervention. Results help leaders better understand the nature, causes, and consequences of substance abuse and health practices in the military and evaluate and guide programs and policy. Tobacco Use information is found in Chapter 3.4.
Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors Questions and Answers, December 2009
Questions and answers about the SHRUB findings, organized by key finding area. Alcohol, Cigarettes/Smokeless Tobacco, Drug Use are on page 3.
Healthy People 2020, A Framework for Ending the Tobacco Use Epidemic
The goal of Healthy People 2020 related to tobacco use is to reduce illness, disability, and death related to tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke. Healthy People 2020 provides a framework for action to reduce tobacco use to the point that it is no longer a public health problem for the Nation. This document provides an overview, issues and trends, disparities, opportunities to reduce tobacco use in the U.S., and the specifics of the objectives related to tobacco use and cessation.
Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) Measures
The Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) is a tool used by health plans to measure performance on important dimensions of care and service. The National Committee for Quality Assurance State of Health Care Quality report published in 2007 provides statistics on use and interventions, definition of HEDIS measures and current performance, and the case for improvement. Information on medical assistance with smoking cessation is on pages 48-49. The measure evaluates three components: advising smokers to quit, discussing smoking cessation medications, and discussing smoking cessation strategies.
Literature Review - Tobacco Related Articles
Breast Cancer HealthDay, August 2010
Nicotine may directly promote the development of breast cancer by binding to a certain cell receptor.
Lung Inflammation Science Daily, September 2010
Cigarette smoke shuts off a key enzyme in airways that regulates the body's response to inflammation.
Smoking and Fertility HealthDay, September 2010
Evidence that smoking can harm sperm - both in smoking men who may become fathers, and in sons born to women who smoked during pregnancy.
Smoking and Depression Medscape Today, September 2010 (requires free account login)
Smoking may increase symptoms of depression in adolescents.
Smoking in Top-Grossing Movies Journal of the American Medical Association, 2010;304(24):2692-2694.
Smoking in top grossing movies and its impact on increasing tobacco usage in youths.
Treating PTSD and Smoking Together is Best Executive Health, December 2010
Veterans with integrated PTSD treatment and tobacco cessation had better prolonged quit rates.