The primary services offered by the Behavioral and Social Health Outcomes Program (BSHOP) include conducting Epidemiological Consultations (EPICONs) and fulfilling Requests for Information (RFIs).
Epidemiological Consultations (EPICONs)
• The US Army Public Health Command (USAPHC) Behavioral and Social Health Outcomes Program (BSHOP) Field Studies section maintains the capacity to deploy world-wide within 48 hours to provide a full spectrum of epidemiologic consultation functions. Capabilities include:
• baseline data analysis
• targeted survey development and implementation
• cohort and/or case control studies
• focus group development and implementation
• index case review/analysis
• comprehensive synthesis of findings
• The BH-EPICON team uses a mixed-methods, population-based approach to describe risk among identified individuals (index cases) and the population from which they are assigned (unit(s) and/or installation). The mixed-method BH-EPICON typically consists of three components.
1. The quantitative analysis is conducted by the Epidemiology Division of the Field Investigations Cell. The team’s role in the BH-EPICON is to generate findings based on analyses of measurable data; this data includes information collected through tailor designed and implemented surveys and data the team acquires from existing military information sources. Quantitative data often provides a description and understanding of the burden of the problem.
2. The qualitative analysis is conducted by the Social Science Division of the Field Investigations Cell. The team’s role in the BH-EPICON is to analyze in-depth interviews and focus groups to access Soldiers’ observations and experiences not easily ascertained through the use of surveys or existing data. Qualitative data often provides a contextual understanding of the environment, system or circumstances surrounding the problem.
3. The index case analysis is conducted by medical, behavioral, and social health experts from the Strategic & Clinical Integration Section. The team’s role in the BH-EPICON is to utilize their clinical expertise from patient interactions and professional development. The clinicians conduct clinical case reviews to identify similarities and differences in behavioral health issues within a specific population group of ‘index cases’. The index case analysis team collects information through data sources that contain specific details on the individual index cases (e.g. medical records, serious incident reports, Criminal Investigation Division files, etc.) as well as through direct interviews. The team also conducts leadership interviews to gain leaders’ insight into ongoing problems or successes related to the problem of interest.
Please contact PHCBSHOPOPS@AMEDD.ARMY.MIL for additional information on the EPICON process.
Requests for Information (RFIs)
The BSHOP accepts Requests for Information (RFIs) from individuals and organizations seeking information on suicidal behavior in the US Army. Currently, basic aggregate information from the Army Behavioral Health Integrated Data Environment (ABHIDE) as presented in the Surveillance of Suicidal Behavior Reports is available. Other information may be requested, but may not be available.
For questions regarding the RFI process or RFI consideration, please send the completed BSHOP RFI form (available by clicking here) to: PHCBSHOPRFI@amedd.army.mil.