Injury Prevention
Journal Publications 


 Physical Fitness/Training 

Extreme Conditioning Programs and Injury Risk in a US Army Brigade Combat Team. External Link (2013). The Army Medical Department Journal, October -December 2013, 36-47; Grier TL, Canham-Chervak M, McNulty V, & Jones BH.

 

Association Between Ambulatory Physical Activity and Injuries During United States Army Basic Combat Training. External Link (2011).

Journal of Applied Physiology, 91:3, 1355-1363; Knapik JJ, Hauret KG, Marin R, & Jones BH.

 

Ambulatory Physical Activity during United States Army Basic Combat Training. External Link (2007).

International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28, 106-115; Knapik JJ, Darakjy S, Hauret KG, Canada S, Marin R, & Jones BH.

 

The Validity of Self-Reported Physical Fitness Test Scores. External Link (2007). Military Medicine, 172:2, 115-120

Jones SB, Knapik JJ, Sharp MA, Darakjy S, & Jones BH.

 

Temporal Changes in the Physical Fitness of the US Army Recruits. External Link (2006). Sports Medicine, 36:7, 613-634

Knapik JJ, Sharp MA, Darakjy S, Jones SB, Hauret KG, & Jones BH.

 

The Basis for Prescribed Ability Group Run Speeds and Distances in U.S. Army Basic Combat Training. External Link (2006).

Military Medicine, 171:7, 669-677

Knapik JJ, Scott SJ, Sharp MA, Hauret KG, Darakjy S, Rieger WR, Palkoska F, VanCamp SE, & Jones BH.

 

Injury and Fitness Outcomes During Implementation of Physical Readiness Training. External Link (2003). International Journal of Sports Medicine, 24, 372-381; Knapik JJ, Hauret KG, Arnold S, Canham-Chervak M, Mansfield AJ, Hoedebecke EL, & McMillian D.

 

Comparison of the Physical Fitness of Men and Women Entering the U.S. Army: 1978-1998. External Link (2002). Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34:2, 356-363; Sharp MA, Patton JF, Knapik JJ, Hauret KG, Mello RP, Ito M, & Frykman PN.

 

The Fitness Training Unit in U.S. Army Basic Combat Training: Physical Fitness, Training Outcomes, and Injuries. External Link (2001). Military Medicine, 166:4, 356-361

Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Hoedebecke E, Hewitson WC, Hauret KG, Held C, & Sharp MA.

  

Physical Training and Exercise-Related Injuries. External Link (1999). Sports Medicine, 27: 111-125; Jones BH & Knapik JJ.

 

Influence of Age and Physical Training on Measures of Cardiorespiratory and Muscle Endurance. External Link (1996).

European Journal of Applied Physiology, 72, 490-495; Knapik JJ, Banderet LE, Vogel JA, Bahrke MS, & O'Connor JS.

 

Exercise, Training and Injuries. External Link (1994). Sports Medicine, 18:3, 202-214; Jones BH, Cowan DN, & Knapik, JJ.

 

Epidemiology of Injuries Associated with Physical Training Among Young Men in the Army. External Link (1993).

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 25: 197-203

Jones BH, Cowan DN, Pitt Tomlinson J, Robinson JR, Polly DW, & Frykman PN.  

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 Injury Overview/Injury Rates 

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Supplement "Injuries in the U.S. Armed Forces" April 2000 (Volume 18 Issue 3S) External Link 

A Prospective Investigation of Injury Incidence and Injury Risk Factors among Army Recruits in Military Police Training. External Link  (2013). BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 13:32; Knapik JJ, Graham B, Cobbs J, Thompson D, Steelman, R, & Jones BH.  

Injury Rates and Injury Risk Factors among Federal Bureau of Investigation New Agent Trainees. External Link (2011). BMC Public Health, 11, 920-936; Knapik JJ, Grier T, Spiess A, Swedler DI, Hauret KG, Graham B, Yoder J, & Jones BH. 

Military Parachuting Injuries, Associated Events, and Injury Risk Factors. External Link (2011). Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 82:8, 797-804; Knapik JJ, Steelman R, Grier T, Graham B, Hoedebecke K, Rankin S, Klug K, Proctor S, & Jones BH.

Motor Vehicle Crashes among Active Duty U.S. Army Personnel, 1999 to 2006. External Link (2011). Military Medicine, 176:9, 1019-1026 Rossen LM, Pollack KM, Canham-Chervak M, Canada S, & Baker SP.

Retrospective Examination of Injuries and Physical Fitness during Federal Bureau of Investigation New Agent Training. External Link (2011). Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 6:26; Knapik JJ, Spiess A, Swedler D, Grier T, Hauret K, Yoder J, & Jones BH.

Epidemiology of Hearing Impairment and Noise-Induced Hearing Injury among U.S. Military Personnel, 2003-2005. External Link (2010) American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38:S1, 71-77; Helfer TM, Canham-Chervak M, Canada S, & Mitchener TA.

Medical Surveillance of Injuries in the U.S. Military: Descriptive Epidemiology and Recommendations for Improvement. External Link (2010). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38:S1, S42-S60; Jones BH, Canham-Chervak M, Canada S, Mitchener TA, & Moore S.

 

Musculoskeletal Injuries: Description of an Under-Recognized Injury Problem Among Military Personnel. External Link (2010). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38:S1, S61-S70; Hauret KG, Jones BH, Bullock SH, Canham-Chervak M, & Canada S.

 

Oral-Maxillofacial Injury Surveillance in the Department of Defense, 1996-2005. External Link (2010). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38:S1, S86-S93; Mitchener TA & Canham-Chervak M.

 

Seasonal Variations in Injury Rates in U.S. Army Ordnance Training. External Link (2008). Military Medicine, 173, 4:362-368

Jones SB, Knapik JJ, & Jones BH.

 

Injury Rates and Injury Risk Factors among U.S. Army Wheel Vehicle Mechanics. External Link (2007).

Military Medicine, 172, 9:988-996; Knapik JJ, Jones SB, Darakjy S, Hauret KG, Bullock SH, Sharp MA, & Jones BH.

 

Injuries and Illnesses among Armor Brigade Soldiers During Operational Training. External Link (2006). Military Medicine, 171, 11:1051-1056; Darakjy S, Marin R, Knapik JJ, & Jones BH.

 

Injuries and Injury Prevention among Senior Military Officers at the Army War College. External Link (2002).

Military Medicine, 167:7, 593-599; Knapik JJ, McCollam R, Canham-Chervak M, Hoedebecke E, Arnold S, Craig S, & Barko W.

    

Seasonal Variations in Injury Rates During US Army Basic Combat Training. External Link (2002).

Annals of Occupational Hygiene. 46:1, 15-23

Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Hauret KG, Laurin MJ, Hoedebecke E, Craig S, & Montain SJ.

 

Discharges During U.S. Army Basic Training: Injury Rates and Risk Factors. External Link (2001).

Military Medicine, 166:7, 641-647; Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Hauret KG, Hoedebecke E, Laurin MJ, & Cuthie J.

 

Injuries During Marine Corps Officer Basic Training. External Link (2000). Military Medicine, 165:7, 515-520

Piantanida NA, Knapik JJ, Brannen S, & O'Conner F.

 

Injuries in the Military A Review and Commentary Focused on Prevention. External Link (2000).

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18(3S): 71-84

Jones BH, Perrotta DM, Canham-Chervak M, Nee MA, & Brundage J.

    

Physical Training and Exercise-Related Injuries Surveillance, Research and Injury Prevention in Military Populations. External Link  (1999). Sports Medicine, 27:2,111-125, Jones BH &, Knapik JJ.  

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 Injury Prevention Priorities

 

An Evidence-Based Public Health Approach to Injury Priorities and Prevention: Recommendations for the U.S. Military. External Link (2010). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38:1S, S1-S10; Jones BH, Canham-Chervak M, & Sleet DA.

 

A Process to Identify Military Injury Prevention Priorities Based on Injury Type and Limited Duty Days. External Link (2010). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38:1S, S19-S33

Ruscio BA, Jones BH, Bullock SH, Burnham BR, Canham-Chervak M, Rennix CP, Wells TS, & Smith JW.

 

A Systematic Process to Prioritize Prevention Activities: Sustaining Progress Toward the Reduction of Military Injuries. External Link (2010). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38: 1S, S11-S18; Canham-Chervak M, Hooper TI, Brennan FH, Craig SC, Girasek DC, et al.

 

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 Injury Risk Factors

  

Risk Factors Associated with Higher Body Fat in US Army Female Soldiers.  External Link (2014). The Army Medical Department Journal, April- June 2014, 75-82; Anderson MK, Grier TL, Canham-Chervak M, & Jones BH.

 

Mental Health Risk Factors for Suicides in the U.S. Army, 2007-8. External Link (2012). Injury Prevention, 18, 405-412

Bachynski KE, Canham-Chervak M, Black SA, Dada EO, Millikan AM, & Jones BH.

 

Risk Factors for Injuries in the U.S. Army Ordnance School. External Link (2011). Military Medicine, 176:11, 1292-1299

Grier TL, Morrison S, Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Jones BH.

 

Risk Factors for Medical Discharge from United States Army Basic Combat Training.  External Link (2011). Military Medicine, 176:10, 1104-1110; Swedler DI, Knapik JJ, Williams KW, Grier TL, & Jones BH.

 

Risk Factors Associated with Self-Reported Training-Related Injury Before Arrival at the U.S. Army Ordnance School. External Link(2010). Public Health, 1-7; Grier TL, Knapik JJ, Canada S, Canham-Chervak M, & Jones BH.

 

Identifying Modifiable Causes of Fall-Related Injury: An Analysis of U.S. Army Safety Data. External Link (2009). Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, 33:1, 23-34; Shuping E, Canham-Chervak M, Amoroso PJ, & Jones BH.

   

Injuries and Injury Risk Factors among Members of the United States Army Band.  External Link (2007).

American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 50, 951-961; Knapik JJ, Jones SB, Darakjy S, Hauret KG, Nevin R, Grier T, & Jones BH.

 

Discharges During U.S. Army Basic Training: Injury Rates and Risk Factors. External Link (2001). Military Medicine, 166:7, 641-647

Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Hauret KG, Hoedebecke E, Laurin MJ, & Cuthie J.

Risk Factors for Training-Related Injuries Among Men and Women in Basic Combat Training. External Link (2001). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33:6, 946-954; Knapik JJ, Sharp MA, Canham-Chervak M, Hauret KG, Patton JF, & Jones BH.

Cigarette Smoking and Exercise-Related Injuries Among Young Men and Women. External Link (2000).

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18 (Suppl 3S):96-102

Altarac M, Gardner JW, Popovich RM, Potter R, Knapik JJ, & Jones BH.

  

Injuries and Injury Risk Factors Among Men and Women in U.S. Army Combat Medic Advanced Individual Training. External Link (2000). Military Medicine, 165, 9:647-652; Henderson NE, Knapik JJ, Shaffer SW, McKenzie TH, & Schneider G.

 

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 Injury Interventions & Program Evaluations  

 

A Systematic Review of the Effects of Physical Training on Load Carriage. External Link (2012). Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26:2, 585-597; Knapik JJ, Harman EA, Steelman RA, & Graham BS.

 

Effect on Injuries of Assigning Shoes Based on Foot Shape in Air Force Basic Training. External Link (2010). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38:1S, S197-S211; Knapik JJ, Brosch LC, Venuto M, Swedler DI, Bullock SH, Gaines LS, Murphy RJ, Tchandja J, & Jones BH.

 

Injury Reduction Effectiveness of Assigning Running Shoes Based on Plantar Shape in Marine Corps Basic Training. External Link(2010). American Journal of Sports Medicine; Knapik JJ, Trone DW, Swedler DI, Villasenor A, Bullock SH, Schmied E, Bockelman T, Han P, & Jones BH.

 

Prevention of Physical Training-Related Injuries: Recommendations for the Military and Other Active Populations Based on Expedited Systematic Reviews. External Link (2010). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38:S1, S156-S181; Bullock SH, Jones BH, Gilchrist J, & Marshall SW.

 

Validity of Plantar Surface Visual Assessment as an Estimate of Foot Arch Height. External Link (2010). Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42:2, 375-380; Swedler DI, Knapik JJ, & Jones BH.

 

A Systematic Review of Post-Deployment Injury-Related Mortality among Military Personnel Deployed to Conflict Zones. External Link(2009). BMC Public Health, 9, 231-253; Knapik JJ, Marin RE, Grier TL, & Jones BH.

 

Injury Reduction Effectiveness of Selecting Running Shoes Based on Plantar Shape. External Link (2009). Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23:3, 685-697

Knapik JJ, Swedler DI, Grier TL, Hauret KG, Bullock SH, Williams, KW, Darakjy SS, Lester ME, Tobler SK, & Jones BH.

 

United States Army Physical Readiness Training: Rationale and Evaluation of the Physical Training Doctrine. External Link (2009). Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23:4, 1353-1362; Knapik JJ, Rieger, W, Palkoska F, Van Camp S, & Darakjy S.

 

Increasing the Physical Fitness of Low-Fit Recruits Before Basic Combat Training: An Evaluation of Fitness, Injuries, and Training Outcomes. External Link (2006). Military Medicine, 171:1, 45-54

Knapik JJ, Darakjy S, Hauret KG, Canada S, Scott S, Rieger W, Marin R, & Jones BH.

 

Evaluation of a Standardized Physical Training Program for Basic Combat Training. External Link (2005).

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19:2, 246-253

Knapik JJ, Darakjy S, Scott SJ, Hauret KG, Canada S, Marin R, Rieger W, & Jones BH.

 

Outcomes of Fort Jackson's Physical Training and Rehabilitation Program in Army Basic Combat Training: Return to Training, Graduation, and 2-Year Retention. External Link (2004). Military Medicine, 169, 7:562-567

Hauret KG, Knapik JJ, Lange J, Heckel H, Coval D, & Duplessis D.

 

Retention in Service of Recruits Assigned to the Army Physical Fitness Test Enhancement Program in Basic Combat Training. External Link (2003). Military Medicine, 168:6, 490-492; Knapik JJ, Hauret KG, Lange JL, & Jovag B.

 

Energy Cost During Locomotion Across Snow: A Comparison of Four Types of Snowshoes with Snowshoe Design Considerations. External Link (2002). Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, 18:2, 171-177

Knapik JJ, Hickey C, Ortega S, & de Pontbriand R.

 

Prevention of Lower Extremity Stress Fractures in Athletes and Soldiers: A Systematic Review. External Link (2002).

Epidemiologic Reviews, 24:2, 228-247; Jones BH, Thacker SB, Gilchrist J, Kimsey, Jr. CD, & Sosin S.

 

The Physical Training and Rehabilitation Program: Duration of Rehabilitation and Final Outcome of Injuries in Basic Combat Training. External Link (2001). Military Medicine, 166, 9:820-826; Hauret KG, Shippey DL, & Knapik JJ.

 

Effect of Rest from Running on Overuse Injuries in Army Basic Training. External Link (2000). Am J Prev Med, 18:3S, 147-155

Popovich RM, Gardner JW, Potter R, Knapik JJ, & Jones BH.

 

Influence of an Antiperspirant on Foot Blister Incidence During Cross-Country Hiking. External Link (1998).

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 39: 202-206; Knapik JJ, Reynolds K, Barson J.

 

Influence of Boot-Sock Systems on Frequency and Severity of Foot Blisters. External Link (1996).

Military Medicine, 161:10, 594-598; Knapik JJ, Hamlet MP, Thompson KJ, & Jones BH.

 

Friction Blisters Pathophysiology, Prevention and Treatment. External Link (1995). Sports Medicine, 20:3, 136-147

Knapik JJ, Reynolds KL, Duplantis KL, & Jones BH.

  

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 Sport & Activity 

 

Activities Associated with Injuries in Initial Entry Training. External Link (2013). Military Medicine, 178:5, 500-506; Knapik JJ, Graham BS, Rieger J, Steelman R, & Pendergrass T. 

 

Mouthguards in Sport Activities: History, Physical Properties and Injury Prevention Effectiveness. External Link (2007).

Sports Medicine, 37:2, 117-144

Knapik JJ, Marshall SW, Lee RB, Darakjy S, Jones SB, Mitchener TA, delaCruz GG, & Jones BH.

 

Evaluation of Mouthguards for the Prevention of Orofacial Injuries During United States Army Basic Military Training. External Link (2006). Dental Traumatology, In Press; DelaCruz GG, Knapik JJ, & Birk MG.

 

The Basis for Prescribed Ability Group Run Speeds and Distances in U.S. Army Basic Combat Training. External Link (2006).

Military Medicine, 171:7, 669-677

Knapik JJ, Scott SJ, Sharp MA, Hauret KG, Darakjy S, Rieger WR, Palkoska F, VanCamp SE, & Jones BH.

 

Interventions to Prevent Softball Related Injuries: A Review of the Literature. External Link (2005). Injury Prevention, 11:277-281

Pollack KM, Canham-Chervak M, Gazal-Carvalho C, Jones BH, & Baker SP.

 

Soldier Load Carriage: Historical, Physiological, Biomechanical, and Medical Aspects. External Link (2004).

Military Medicine, 169:1, 45-56; Knapik JJ, Reynolds KL, & Harman E.

 

Soldier Performance and Strenuous Road Marching: Influence of Load Mass and Load Distribution. External Link (1997).

Military Medicine, 162, 62-67; Knapik JJ, Ang P, Meiselman H, & Johnson W.

  

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 Deployment 

 

Effect of a 13-Month Deployment to Iraq on Physical Fitness and Body Composition. External Link (2010). Military Medicine, 175:6, 417-423; Lester ME, Knapik JJ, Catrambone D, Antczak A, Sharp MA, Burrell L, & Darakjy S.

 

Air Medical Evacuations of Soldiers Due to Oral-Facial Disease and Injuries, Operations Enduring Freedom/Iraqi Freedom.External Link (2008). Military Medicine, 173:5, 465-473; Mitchener TA, Hauret KG, Hoedebecke EL, Darakjy S, & Jones BH.

 

Physical Fitness and Body Composition after a 9-Month Deployment to Afghanistan. External Link (2008). Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise,  40:9, 1687-1692; Sharp MA, Walker LA, Burrell L, Frykman PN, Darakjy SS, Lester ME, & Marin RE.

 

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 Parachute Injury Prevention/Risk Factors 

 

The Advanced Tactical Parachute System (T-11): Injuries During Basic Military Parachute Training. External Link (2011). Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 82:10, 935- 940; Knapik JJ, Graham B, Steelman R, Colliver K, & Jones BH.

  

Systematic Review of the Parachute Ankle Brace: Injury Risk Reduction and Cost Effectiveness. External Link (2010). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38:S1, S182-S188; Knapik JJ, Spiess A, Swedler DI, Grier TL, Darakjy SS, & Jones BH.

 

Injury Risk Factors in Parachuting and Acceptability of the Parachute Ankle Brace. External Link (2008).

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 79:7, 689-694

Knapik JJ, Spiess A, Swedler D, Grier T, Darakjy S, Amoroso P, & Jones BH.

 

Parachute Ankle Brace and Extrinsic Injury Risk Factors During Parachuting. External Link (2008).

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 79:4, 408-415; Knapik JJ, Darakjy S, Swedler D, Amoroso P, & Jones BH.

 

Risk Factors for Injuries During Military Parachuting. External Link (2003).

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 74, 768-774; Knapik JJ, Craig SC, Hauret KG, & Jones SB. 

 

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 Other 

 

Army Epidemiology and Health Surveillance. External Link (2006). U.S. Army Medical Department Journal, April -June 2006.

Petruccelli B, & Knapik J.

 

Hyponatremia Associated with Overhydration in U.S. Army Trainees. External Link (2005). Military Medicine, 166, 405-410

O'Brien KK, Montain SJ., Corr WP, Sawka MN, Knapik JJ, & Craig SC. 

Angiotensin-converting Enzyme Genotype and Physical Performance During U.S. Army Basic Training. External Link (2001).

Journal of Applied Physiology, 91:3, 1355-1363

Sonna LA, Sharp MA, Knapik JJ, Cullivan M, Angel KC, Patton JF, & Lilly CM.

 

The Prevalence of Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm among U.S. Army Recruits and Its Effects on Physical Performance. External Link (2001). Chest Journal, 119:6, 1676-1684; Sonna LA, Angel KC, Sharp MA, Knapik JJ, Patton JF, & Lilly CM.

 

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