Planning and Performing Asbestos Abatement Work
Unified Facilities Guide Specifications: Asbestos Hazard Control Activities (UFGS-02 83 14.00 10) covers building abatement work.
Pre-Design Lead/Asbestos Survey Standard Scope of Work (EP 1110-1-30) provides a generic scope of work for conducting pre-design surveys for lead and/or asbestos containing materials in/around affected portions of structures to be altered, renovated, or demolished.
Data collected from these surveys should be incorporated into the design to ensure that construction specification requirements and execution are in accordance with acceptable Federal, state, and local environmental and safety/occupational health regulations.
Engineering and Design - Asbestos Abatement Air Monitoring Standard Scope of Work (EP 1110-1-23) provides guidance on developing a scope of work for the hiring of an independent contractor to conduct air monitoring during asbestos abatement, in accordance with Asbestos Hazard Control Activities (UFGS-02 83 14.00 10), to include environmental air quality control and/or air sampling for baseline (pre-abatement) and final clearance phases.
Asbestos Abatement and Management in Buildings, Model Guide Specifications, Third Edition can be purchased online through the National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS) .
Construction Criteria Base (CCB) is an extensive electronic library of construction guide specifications, manuals, standards, and many other essential criteria documents, published on the Internet by the non-profit NIBS.
Documents are organized into Libraries (Specifications, Regulations, Codes, Standards, Documents, CADD, Energy and Environment, Sustainable Design), then by Source and Category (additional subdivisions). Locate asbestos documents using the search feature.
Sampling and Analyzing for Asbestos
NIOSH Method 7400 Asbestos Fibers by PCM
(Phase Contrast Microscopy)
Air and wipe samples only
OSHA required method
3 to 1 ratio, > 5 microns
No identification of fiber types
Results in fibers per cc of air
NIOSH Method 7402 Asbestos Fibers by TEM
(Transmission Electron Microscopy)
NIOSH Method 9000 Asbestos, Chrysotile by XRD (X-Ray (Powder) Diffraction)
NIOSH Method 9002 Asbestos (bulk) by PLM (Polarized Light Microscopy)
Bulk and wipe samples only
Used with differential staining
Identification of fiber types
Results in percent (by volume)
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Asbestos
Industrial Hygiene Air Sampling and Bulk Sampling Guide (USAPHC Technical Guide 141)
Safely Performing Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Work
Guidance Manual, Asbestos Operations & Maintenance Work Practices, 2nd Edition provides detailed instructions for safely performing O&M activities that disturb asbestos-containing material.
”Managing Asbestos in Place, A Building Owner's Guide to Operations and Maintenance Programs for Asbestos-Containing Materials” (the "EPA Green Book") and “Guidance for Controlling Asbestos-Containing Materials in Buildings” (the "EPA Purple Book") can be ordered from the TSCA Hot Line .
Training and Certification
Installation personnel and contractors must be trained and certified to perform asbestos evaluation or abatement work.
They must meet any applicable State training, certification, and licensing requirements.
EPA's training requirements , according to the Asbestos Model Accreditation Plan , apply to schools and public/commercial buildings.
State agencies that administer asbestos programs can provide lists of contractors who are certified to offer their services in those states.
Installations should review contractor qualifications as part of the selection process.
Key DoD and Army Asbestos Policies
DA Pam 40-513, Occupational and Environmental Health Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Asbestos Exposure is the Army's guidance on protecting ALL personnel and dependents that are exposed to asbestos on installations.
Note: Formerly TB MED 513.
AR 420-1 Army Facilities Management contains the Army's facilities policy for asbestos. Each installation is required to develop and implement an asbestos management program to evaluate and control asbestos-containing materials in Army facilities.
Installations must follow Federal, State, and local requirements.
AR 200-1 Environmental Protection and Enhancement contains the Army’s environmental policy for asbestos.
AR 40-5, Preventive Medicine is the Army’s policy for protecting personnel who are exposed to asbestos.
For information on respiratory protection when working with Asbestos see the Army Respiratory Protection Program.
Federal Regulations and Guidance
EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT) manages the asbestos program under the Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) .
EPA regulations Asbestos (40 CFR Part 763) and NESHAPS Subpart M (40 CFR Part 61) implement:
Asbestos Construction Standard (OSHA 29 CFR 1926.1101) applies to any work that disturbs asbestos-containing materials, including operation and maintenance work as well as demolition, abatement, housekeeping at construction sites, and emergency cleanup.
Asbestos General Industry Standard (OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1001) applies to industrial (non-construction) work operations such as vehicle brake and clutch maintenance.
It also applies to general housekeeping operations in facilities (other than at construction sites) where asbestos is not disturbed but may be contacted.
State and Local Regulations and Guidance
Many states have established their own regulations.
Army installations in these states must comply with them.
Installation personnel should contact their State agencies to ensure they have the current regulations.
EPA Asbestos Points of Contact - States' Points of Contact
Glossary of Asbestos Terms
We do not maintain a library of State regulations, although many can be found on the Construction Base Criteria (CCB)