What is Public Health? 

Service members and local population

Public Health is the science and art of preventing disease and promoting good health within groups of people, from small communities to entire countries.

 Why it’s Important:

  •           Prevents epidemics and the spread of disease
  •           Protects against environmental hazards
  •           Prevents injuries
  •           Promotes and encourages healthy behaviors
  •           Responds to disasters and assists communities in recovery
  •           Assures the quality and accessibility of health services

 

Ten Essential Public Health Services:

  •           Monitor health status to identify community health problems
  •           Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community
  •           Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues
  •           Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems
  •           Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts
  •           Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety
  •           Link people with needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable
  •           Assure a competent public health and personal health care work force
  •           Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services
  •           Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems

 

Examples of Public Health in Policy and Practice:

  •           Vaccination programs
  •           Safety standards and practices to protect worker health and safety
  •           Ensuring access to clean water and air
  •           Educational campaigns to promote healthy behaviors
  •           Measuring the effects of air, soil, and water quality on deployed Soldiers
  •           Nutrition programs
  •           Ensuring the quality and safety of food sources and food preparation
  •           Noise control
  •           Solid and hazardous waste management
  •           Radiation protection
  •           Disease and injury surveillance
  •           Response to outbreaks of disease
  •           Evaluation of effectiveness of public health interventions
  •           Development of evidence-based programs to reduce injuries
  •           Identification of risk factors for suicide and other behavioral health outcomes