2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

 Travel during COVID-19

Last Updated: September 29, 2021

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The following summary of Army travel guidance resources is provided to aid in determining if travel is an option for a particular official mission, and if so, the regulations and processes to be followed. This is provided for general information, local processes and policies may supersede those referenced here.

At this time, the Department of Defense is assessing travel requirements for fully vaccinated personnel.


General Guidance and Resources

  • Fully vaccinated individuals, as defined in Force Health Protection Guidance (Supplement 23), are not restricted from official travel, both domestic and international. Individuals who are not fully vaccinated or who decline to pro​vide information about their vaccination status, are limited to mission-critical official travel, both domestic and international. "Mission-critical" will be determined by the traveler's DoD or Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) Component head, who may delegate this authority in writing to his or her Principal Deputy (or equivalent) but no lower.​

  • FHP Supplement 20 provides pre- and post-travel guidance for Service members, DoD family members, DoD civilian employees, and DoD contract personnel, to include: determining whether to travel, travel guidance, and resources. Requirements for travel-associated restriction of movement (ROM) are also specified. https://www.defense.gov/Explore/Spotlight/Coronavirus/Latest-DOD-Guidance/External Link. FRAGO 22 to HQDA EXORD 210-20External Link provides the Army implementing guidance.  (CAC required)
  • All personnel who are 14 days post completion of receiving an FDA-authorized COVID-19 vaccine are exempt from pre or post-travel ROM.  Other host nation requirements can override this exemption, however.


International Travel

  • All personnel conducting international travel to or from the U.S. require a negative test during the 3 days prior to departure. Follow destination instructions if they are more specific. The test can be completed as part of a 7 day ROM and meet pre-travel ROM if done 1-3 days before departure.
  • All personnel who are 14 days post completion of receiving an FDA-authorized COVID-19 vaccine or have fully recovered from a laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 in the last 90 days are not required to undergo viral testing prior to travel from the U.S. to a foreign country. Host nation requirements may override this exemption.

 

Traveling from the U.S.

  • All personnel conducting international travel require a negative COVID-19 test from a specimen collected within 1-3 days of departure, unless they are fully recovered from COVID-19 infection in the last 90 days or if they are 14 days post receiving an FDA-authorized vaccine.
  • Upon arrival in the foreign country, Service members will ROM for 14 days. If, after an appropriate risk assessment, ROM may be decreased to 10 days without testing, or 7 days with testing. All other DOD affiliates are encouraged to follow the same protocol.

 

Travelers returning to the U.S.

  • All personnel must have a negative COVID-19 test from a specimen collected within 1-3 days of departure, unless they are fully recovered from COVID-19 infection in the last 90 days.
  • All personnel (including those fully vaccinated) will submit to viral testing 3-5 days after return.
  • If traveling from, or having traveled through, a foreign country, Service members will ROM for 14 days. If, after an appropriate risk assessment, ROM may be decreased to 10 days without testing, or 7 days with testing. All other DOD affiliates are encouraged to follow the same protocol.

 

Domestic Travel

  • Follow military installation, State, and local government travel restrictions. 


Safety Resources for Approved Travelers



Quick Reference Table for Official Travel Scenarios

Official Travel Scenario
Pre-Travel Guidance
Post-Travel Guidance

United States to Foreign Country

COVID-19 Testing: Follow Geographical Combatant Command (GCC) / Host Nation (HN) Requirements.

 

COVID-19 Testing: Yes, within 72 hours of departure.

 Personnel who are 14 days post completion of FDA-authorized vaccination or fully recovered from a lab-confirmed COVID-19 within the previous 90 days (with clearance documentation from a healthcare provider) are not required to undergo viral testing prior to departure. If destination requires specific test or timing, travelers must follow destination requirements.

ROM: Follow Geographical Combatant Command (GCC) / Host Nation (HN) Requirements.


 

ROM: All travelers will conduct 10-day restriction of movement (ROM) without testing or 7-day ROM with negative test. If GCC / HN requires ROM upon entry, then only one ROM is required at the destination.

 

Personnel who are 14 days post completion of FDA-authorized vaccination or fully recovered from a lab-confirmed COVID-19 within the previous 90 days (with clearance documentation from a healthcare provider) are not required to ROM.


 

Travel Waiver: Yes, on a case by case basis. Travel waivers are only required when a Soldier is traveling to or from a restricted location. Refer to COVID-19 Travel Restrictions Installation Status Update on https://www.defense.govExternal Link.

 

 

Leave: Limited, Commanders may authorize leave necessary for the most direct means of travel. Any personal leave beyond what is needed for direct travel must be taken before administering the COVID-19 test.

 

 

Risk Assessment: Yes, refer to current Force Health Protection Guidance SupplementsExternal Link and HQDA EXORD 210-20, FRAGO 18, Annex DDD


 

Official Travel Scenario
Pre-Travel Guidance
Post-Travel Guidance

Foreign Country to United States

COVID-19 Testing: Yes, within 72 hours of departure.

 

 

Personnel fully recovered from a lab-confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 infection within the previous 90 days (with clearance documentation from healthcare provider) are not required to undergo viral testing.

COVID-19 Testing: Soldiers required to test 3 to 5 days after arrival. Strongly recommended for Family Members, Civilians, and Contractors.

 

Personnel fully recovered from a lab-confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 infection within the previous 90 days (with clearance documentation from healthcare provider) are not required to undergo viral testing.

 

ROM: Not required.

 

ROM: All unvaccinated Soldiers will undergo a ROM upon arrival at their residence or other appropriate location (10 days or 7 days with negative test).

 

Fully vaccinated personnel are not required to ROM.

 

Travel Waiver: Yes, on a case by case basis. Travel waivers are only required when a Soldier is traveling to or from a restricted location. Refer to COVID-19 Travel Restrictions Installation Status Update on https://www.defense.govExternal Link.

 

 

Leave: Yes, refer to AR 600-8-10 (including administrative absences) and local command policies

 

 

Risk Assessment: Yes, refer to current Force Health Protection Guidance SupplementsExternal Link

 

 

*Note: Travel between and through foreign countries contained wholly within a single GCC area of responsibility, and between GCC areas of responsibility, will be managed by each relevant GCC or GCCs as appropriate.

 

Official Travel Scenario
Pre-Travel Guidance
Post-Travel Guidance

United States to United States

COVID-19 Testing: Contact gaining command for specific test, timing, or pre-arrival requirements.  Personnel fully recovered from a lab-confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 infection within the previous 90 days (with clearance documentation from healthcare provider) are not required to undergo viral testing. If destination requires specific test or timing, travelers must follow destination requirements.

 

COVID-19 Testing: Comply with military installation, State, and/or local government directives at destination.

 

ROM: Contact gaining command for pre-arrival requirements.  Fully vaccinated personnel are not required to ROM.

 

ROM: Comply with military installation, State, and/or local government directives at destination.  Fully vaccinated personnel are not required to ROM.

 

Travel Waiver: Yes, on a case by case basis. Travel waivers are only required when a Soldier is traveling to or from a restricted location. Refer to COVID-19 Travel Restrictions Installation Status Update on https://defense.govExternal Link

 

Exemption: Personnel fully recovered from a lab-confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 infection within the previous 90 days (with clearance documentation from healthcare provider) are not required to undergo viral testing. If destination requires specific test or timing, travelers must follow destination requirements.

 

Leave: Yes, refer to AR 600-8-10 (including administrative absences) and local command policies

 

 

Risk Assessment: Yes, refer to current Force Health Protection Guidance SupplementsExternal Link