Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola)

Last Updated: May 22, 2018
Skip Navigation LinksAPHC Home / Topics / Diseases & Conditions / Diseases / Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola)

An outbreak of Ebola, which likely began in a rural area of Guinea in December 2013, has spread to other countries in West Africa. The outbreak is contained in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. Cases have occurred in Senegal, Nigeria, Mali, Spain and the US. Over ten thousand suspected and confirmed cases of Ebola have been reported and many thousands have died.

Disease control in West Africa has been difficult due to lack of healthcare resources, poor living conditions, misinformation, local traditions that increase disease transmission, and people who do not seek medical care due to distrust.

Scientists believe the source of the virus is most likely bats, and other animals can also become infected. An outbreak in humans begins when an individual or small group of people become infected by eating or handling uncooked or undercooked meat from infected game animals, such as bats and monkeys, also known as "bushmeat."

General Information  

Deployment Information - The National Center for Medical Intelligence and CDC assess that EVD represents a low risk to DoD personnel and the U.S. general public.  The overwhelming majority of tasks U.S. military personnel will be performing in West Africa should not put them at risk of becoming infected with Ebola virus.

Other products are available on the APHC Health Information Products eCatalog. Suggested filter category: Deployment Health.


Ebola Video Image

Ebola: What You Need to Know Video 
(updated 11/25/14)
YouTube (CC)External Link
milTubeExternal Link

To download: Right click and "Save target as"
Windows Media file
QuickTime Movie
MP4 Video

West Africa Medical Threat Briefing 
West Africa Medical Threat Briefing
AKO External Link - (restricted access)
milBook External Link(restricted access)
(updated 2/5/15)


Army Medicine
24/7 EVD Information Line:
CONUS 800-984-8523, DSN 421-3700
OCONUS DSN 312-421-3700

U.S. Army Medical Research
Institute of Infectious Diseases
Emergency Response Line:


            Top 10 Things to Know about Ebola

Redeployment Information

Military Treatment Facilities


Patient Evaluation 

Treatment - There is no vaccination or specific treatment for EVD. Intensive supportive care is required to maintain fluid and electrolyte balance, oxygen status and blood pressure, and respond to complications. Outbreaks may have case fatality rates (CFR) as high as 90%, but some treatment centers in the current outbreak are reporting CFR of 35% or less.


Infection control - Ebola virus spreads from person to person by direct contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids (such as sweat, vomit, and diarrhea) of infected people. Only people who have symptoms of EVD, or have recently died from EVD, can transmit the virus to others. The risk of spreading the infection to others increases as the disease progresses. CDC guidance for U.S. care settings includes initiating standard, contact and droplet precautions for suspected EVD.

Disinfection of Patient Belongings

Transportation - Infection control procedures should be used during the transport of EVD patients or individuals suspected of having EVD.

Case Reporting

  • Report suspected EVD cases to the APHC Disease Epidemiology Program telephonically at (410) 417-2377 or (800) 222-9698
  • Report suspected EVD cases as Viral Hemorrhagic Fever in DRSi
  • Inform the local health department 

Laboratory Testing - MTFs must ensure clinical Ebola specimen submission and testing on patients is coordinated with the MTF lab, MTF Preventive Medicine Department and the state/ local public health department.