Army Injury Prevention

References

Last Updated: December 15, 2017

GENERAL: INJURIES, RISK FACTORS, AND PREVENTION

General: Injuries and Priorities

Journal articles

Statistical process control charts for monitoring military injuries. Inj Prev, online. External Link  Schuh A, Canham-Chervak M, Jones BH. (2017)

Exertional rhabdomyolysis: epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. External Link J Spec Oper Med 16(3):65-71; Knapik JJ, O'Connor FG. (2016)

What Soldiers Know and Want to Know About Preventing Injuries: A Needs Survey Regarding a Key Threat to Readiness. External Link AMEDD Journal, Jan–Mar, 10-19; Hauschild VD, Schuh A, Jones BH. (2016)

The Team Physician and Strength and Conditioning of Athletes for Sports: A Consensus StatementExternal Link MSSE, 47(2), 440-445. (2015)

Military Injuries. External Link Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases in the US; Marshall SW, Canham-Chervak M, Dada EO, Jones BH. (2014)

Strategies for Optimizing Military Physical Readiness and Preventing Musculoskeletal Injuries in the 21st CenturyExternal Link AMEDD Journal, 5-23; Nindl BC, et al. (2013)

Medical Surveillance of Injuries in the U.S. Military: Descriptive Epidemiology and Recommendations for ImprovementExternal Link AJPM, 38:3S, S42-S60; Jones BH. (2010)

A Process to Identify Military Injury Prevention Priorities Based on Injury Type and Limited Duty Days. AJPM, 38:1S, S19-S33; Ruscio BA, Jones BH, Bullock SH, et al. (2010)

An Evidence-Based Public Health Approach to Injury Priorities and Prevention: Recommendations for the U.S. Military. External Link AJPM, 38:1S, S1-S10; Jones BH, Canham-Chervak M, Sleet DA. (2010)

A Systematic Process to Prioritize Prevention Activities: Sustaining Progress toward the Reduction of Military Injuries. AJPM, 38:1S, S11-S18; Canham-Chervak M, Hooper TI, Brennan FH, et al. (2010)

Frequency and Causes of Nonbattle Injuries Air Evacuated from Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom, U.S. Army, 2001-2006External Link AJPM, 38:1S, 94-107; Hauret KG, Taylor BJ, et al. (2010)

Physical Fitness in Military Service Members: An Important Component of Total Force Fitness for the 21st Century. External Link Mil Med, 175:8S, 14-20; Roy TC, Springer BA, McNulty V, Butler NL. (2010)

Atlas of Injuries in U.S. Armed ForcesExternal Link Mil Med, 164:3S, 1-1 to 9-25 (642 pages); Jones BH, Amoroso PJ, Canham ML, et al. (2009)

Selected Issues in Injury and Illness Prevention and the Team Physician: A Consensus Statement. External Link MSSE, 39(11), 2058-2068. (2007)

Technical reports

A Taxonomy of Injuries for Public Health Monitoring & ReportingExternal Link APHC Public Health Information Paper No. 12-01-0717. (2017)

Injury Prevention Survey: Army Awareness Assessment and Needs Analysis Jul 9-Aug 26 2014External Link USAPHC Public Health Report S.0023151; Hauschild V, Schuh A. (2015)

Injuries from Participation in Sports, Exercise, and Recreational Activities among Active Duty Service MembersExternal Link USAPHC Injury Prevention Report No. 12-HF-0DPT; Loringer K, Bedno S, et al. (2011)

Injury Epidemiology Report 2008External Link USAPHC (Provisional) Report No. 12-HF-0APLA-09. (2009)

Preventing Injuries in the U.S. Military: The Process, Priorities, and Epidemiologic Evidence. A Report for the Defense Safety Oversight CouncilExternal Link USACHPPM Injury Prevention Report No. 12-HF-04MT-08. (2008)

DoD Military Injury Prevention Priorities Working Group: Leading Injuries, Causes and Mitigation Recommendations. External Link (2006)

Army Epidemiology and Health Surveillance. External Link AMEDD Journal, 22-30; Petruccelli B, Knapik J. (2006)

A Model Process for Setting Military Injury Prevention Priorities and Making Evidence-Based Recommendations for InterventionsExternal Link USACHPPM; Jones BH, Bullock SH, Canham-Chervak M. (2005)

Book chapters

Strength, Endurance and Movement. In: Boehm-Davis D, Durso F, Lee J, APA Handbook of Human System Integration.  Washington DC: American Psychological Association; Grier T et al. (2015)

Injury Risk Factors in Selected Populations

Journal articles

The Role of Gender and Physical Performance on Injuries: an Army Study. External Link AJPM, 52(5):e131-e138; Anderson MK, Grier T, Dada, EO, Canham-Chervak M, & Jones BH (2017)

Non-battle Injuries among U.S. Army Soldiers Deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq, 2001-2013. External Link J Safety Res, 60,  29-34; Patel AA, Hauret KG, Taylor BJ, Jones BH. (2017)

Prevalence of Dietary Supplement Use by Athletes: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. External Link Sports Med, 46(1):103-123, Knapik JJ, et al. (2016)

Validity of Self-Reported Physical Performance and BMI in a Military Population. External Link J Strength Cond Res, 30(1): 26-32, Martin RC, et al. (2016)

Operational Physical Performance and Fitness in Military Women: Physiological, Musculoskeletal Injury, and Optimized Physical Training Considerations for Successfully Integrating Women into Combat-centric Military Occupations. External Link Mil Med, 181(1S):50-62, Nindl BC, et al. (2016)

Physical Training, Smoking, and Injury during Deployment: A Comparison of Men and Women in the US Army. External Link AMEDD Journal, Apr-Jun: 42-48, Anderson MK, et al. (2015)

Epidemiology of Exercise- and Sports-related Injuries in a Population of Young, Physically Active Adults: A Survey of Military Servicemembers. External Link Am J Sports Med, 43(11):2645-53, Hauret KG, et al. (2015)

Occupation and other Risk Factors for Injury among Enlisted U.S. Army SoldiersExternal Link Public Health, 129: 531-538; Anderson MK, Grier T, Canham-Chervak M, Bushman TT, Jones BH. (2015)

Letter to the Editor: Regarding the Bulzacchelli et al. Article on Risk Factors of Injury During U.S. Army Basic Combat TrainingExternal Link AJPM, 49(1), E1-3; Jones BH, Hauschild VD, et al. (2015) 

Effects of Personal and Occupational Stress on Injuries in a Young, Physically Active Population: A Survey of Military PersonnelExternal Link Mil Med, 179(11), 1311-1317; Bedno S, Hauret K, Loringer K, et al. (2014)

Risk Factors Associated with Higher Body Fat in US Army Female Soldiers. External Link AMEDD Journal, 75-82; Anderson MK, Grier TL, Canham-Chervak M, Jones BH. (2014)

A Prospective Investigation of Injury Incidence and Injury Risk Factors among Army Recruits in Military Police Training. External Link BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 13:32; Knapik JJ, Graham B, Cobbs J, et al. (2013)

Injury Rates and Injury Risk Factors among Federal Bureau of Investigation New Agent Trainees. External Link BMC Public Health, 11, 920-936; Knapik JJ, Grier T, Spiess A, et al. (2011)

Retrospective Examination of Injuries and Physical Fitness during Federal Bureau of Investigation New Agent Training. External Link J Occup Med Toxicol, 6:26; Knapik JJ, Spiess A, Swedler D,et al. (2011)

Risk Factors for Injuries in the U.S. Army Ordnance SchoolExternal Link Mil Med, 176:11, 1292-1299; Grier TL, Morrison S, Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Jones BH. (2011)

Risk Factors for Medical Discharge from U.S. Army Basic Combat Training. Mil Med, 176:10, 1104-1110; Swedler DI, Knapik JJ, Williams KW, Grier TL, Jones BH. (2011)

Females Have a Greater Incidence of Stress Fractures than Males in Both Military and Athletic Populations: A Systemic ReviewExternal Link Mil Med, 176(4), 420-30. Wentz L, Liu PY, Haymes E, Ilich JZ. (2011)

Risk Factors Associated with Self-Reported Training-Related Injury Before Arrival at the U.S. Army Ordnance School. External Link Public Health, 1-7; Grier TL, Knapik JJ, Canada S, et al. (2010)

Diagnoses and Factors Associated with Medical Evacuation and Return to Duty for Service Members Participating on OIF or OEFExternal Link Lancet, 375, 301-09; Cohen SP, Brown C, Kurihara C, et al. (2010)

Epidemiology of Hearing Impairment and Noise-Induced Hearing Injury among U.S. Military Personnel, 2003-2005. Am J Prev Med, 38:S1, 71-77; Helfer TM, Canham-Chervak M, et al. (2010)

Medical Surveillance of Injuries in the U.S. Military: Descriptive Epidemiology and Recommendations for Improvement. Am J Prev Med, 38:S1, S42-S60; Jones BH, Canham-Chervak M, et al. (2010)

Musculoskeletal Injuries: Description of an Under-Recognized Injury Problem Among Military Personnel. Am J Prev Med, 38:S1, S61-S70; Hauret KG, Jones BH, Bullock SH, et al. (2010)

Identifying Modifiable Causes of Fall-Related Injury: An Analysis of U.S. Army Safety Data. External Link Work, 33:1, 23-34; Shuping E, Canham-Chervak M, Amoroso PJ, Jones BH. (2009).

Seasonal Variations in Injury Rates in U.S. Army Ordnance Training. External Link Mil Med, 173, 4:362-368; Jones SB, Knapik JJ, Jones BH. (2008)

The Female Athlete TriadExternal Link MSSE, 39(10), 1867-1882. (2007)

Injury Rates and Injury Risk Factors among U.S. Army Wheel Vehicle Mechanics. External Link Mil Med, 172, 9:988-996; Knapik JJ, Jones SB, Darakjy S, et al. (2007)

Occupational and Non-Occupational Injuries in the U.S. Army – Focus on GenderExternal Link Am J Prev Med, 33(6), 464-470; Tiesman HM, Peek-Asa CL, Zweling CS, et al. (2007)

Injuries and Injury Risk Factors among Members of the U.S. Army Band. External Link Am J Ind Med, 50, 951-961; Knapik JJ, Jones SB, Darakjy S, et al. (2007)

Psychological Issues Related to Injury in Athletes and the Team Physician: A Consensus StatementExternal Link MSSE, 38(11), 2030-2034. (2006)

Injuries and Illnesses among Armor Brigade Soldiers During Operational Training. External Link Mil Med, 171, 11:1051-1056; Darakjy S, Marin R, Knapik JJ, Jones BH. (2006)

Hyponatremia Associated with Overhydration in U.S. Army Trainees. External Link Mil Med, 166, 405-410; O'Brien KK, Montain SJ, Corr WP, et al. (2005)

Female Athlete Issues for the Team Physician: A Consensus StatementExternal Link MSSE, 35(10), 1785-1793. (2003)

Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Injuries among Sedentary and Physical Active AdultsExternal Link MSSE 34, 838-844; Hootman J, Macera CA, Ainsworth BE, et al. (2002)

Predictors of Lower Extremity Injury among Recreationally Active AdultsExternal Link Clin J Sports Med 12, 99-106; Hootman JM, Macera CA, Ainsworth BE, et al. (2002)

Injuries and Injury Prevention among Senior Military Officers at the Army War College. External Link Mil Med, 167:7, 593-599; Knapik JJ, McCollam R, Canham-Chervak M, Hoedebecke E, Arnold S, Craig S, Barko W. (2002)

Seasonal Variations in Injury Rates During US Army Basic Combat Training. External Link Ann Occup Hyg. 46:1, 15-23 Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Hauret KG, et al. (2002)

Comparison of the Physical Fitness of Men and Women Entering the U.S. Army: 1978-1998. External Link MSSE, 34:2, 356-363; Sharp MA, Patton JF, Knapik JJ, Hauret KG, et al. (2002)

The Fitness Training Unit in U.S. Army Basic Combat Training: Physical Fitness, Training Outcomes, and Injuries. External Link Mil Med, 166:4, 356-361 Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Hoedebecke E, et al. (2001)

Discharges During U.S. Army Basic Training: Injury Rates and Risk Factors. External Link Mil Med, 166:7, 641-647; Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Hauret KG, et al. (2001)

Risk Factors for Training-Related Injuries Among Men and Women in Basic Combat Training. External Link MSSE, 33:6, 946-954; Knapik JJ, Sharp MA, Canham-Chervak M, et al. (2001)

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Genotype and Physical Performance During U.S. Army Basic Training. External Link J Appl Physiol, 91:3, 1355-1363; Sonna LA, Sharp MA, Knapik JJ, et al. (2001)

Cigarette Smoking and Exercise-Related Injuries Among Young Men and Women. External Link Am J Prev Med, 18(3S), 96-102; Altarac M, Gardner JW, Popovich RM, et al. (2000)

Injuries and Injury Risk Factors Among Men and Women in U.S. Army Combat Medic Advanced Individual Training. External Link Mil Med, 165, 9:647-652; Henderson NE, Knapik JJ, Shaffer SW, et al. (2000)

Exercise-Related Injuries among Women: Strategies for Prevention from Civilian and Military Studies. MMWR Recomm Rep 49(RR-2), 15-33; Gilchrist J, Jones BH, Sleet DA, Kimsey CD. (2000)

Injuries During Marine Corps Officer Basic Training. Mil Med, 165:7, 515-520; Piantanida NA, Knapik JJ, Brannen S, O'Conner F. (2000)

Injuries in the Military A Review and Commentary Focused on Prevention. External Link Am J Prev Med, 18(3S): 71-84 Jones BH, Perrotta DM, Canham-Chervak M, et al. (2000)

Physical Training and Exercise-Related Injuries Surveillance, Research and Injury Prevention in Military Populations. External Link Sports Medicine, 27:2,111-125, Jones BH, Knapik JJ. (1999)

Physical Training and Exercise-Related Injuries. External Link Sports Medicine, 27, 111-125; Jones BH, Knapik JJ. (1999)

Influence of Age and Physical Training on Measures of Cardiorespiratory and Muscle Endurance. External Link Eur J Appl Physiol, 72, 490-495; Knapik JJ, Banderet LE, Vogel JA, et al. (1996)

Exercise, Training and Injuries. External Link Sports Medicine, 18:3, 202-214; Jones BH, Cowan DN, Knapik, JJ. (1994)

Epidemiology of Injuries Associated with Physical Training Among Young Men in the Army. External Link MSSE, 25, 197-203; Jones BH, Cowan DN, Pitt Tomlinson J, et al. (1993)

Associations between Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Injuries among Young Men and Women in the ArmyExternal Link In: Body Composition and Physical Performance, 141-173. Jones BH, et al. (1992)

Technical reports

Annual Assessment of Longitudinal Studies and Injury Surveillance for Gender Integration in the Army, 2016. External Link Technical Report No. S.0047231-16, APHC, APG MD. (2017)

Assessment of Health Behaviors, Health Education Interests, and Injuries among Employees at the General Leonard Wood Army Community Hospital, October 2014-December 2014. External Link Technical Report No. S.0032417-16), APHC (Prov), APG MD. (2016).

U.S. Army Medical Command Injury Summary, Active Duty Personnel, 2014. External Link Public Health Report No. S.0023116-16, APHC (Prov), APG MD. (2016)

Evaluation of Student Injuries at the Sergeants Major Course, Fort Bliss, Texas. External Link Technical Report No. S.0023113-16, APHC (Prov), APG MD. (2016)

Injury Rates, Limited Duty Days, Medically Not Ready Rates, and Injury Risk Factors in an Army Chemical Brigade, May 2013–June 2014External Link Technical Report No. S.0032423.3-15, APHC (Prov), APG MD. (2015)

Evaluation of Injuries among Command and General Staff College Students, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. External Link Technical Report No. S.0023115-14, APHC (Prov), APG MD. (2015)

Injuries from Participation in Sports, Exercise, and Recreational Activities among Active Duty Service Members- Analysis of the April 2008 Status of Forces Survey of Active Duty Members. External Link Report No. 12-HF-0DPT-08, USAPHC, APG MD. (2011)

Prospective Investigation of Injury Rates and Injury Risk Factors among Federal Bureau of Investigation New Agent Trainees, Quantico Virginia, 2009-2010. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Report No. 12-HF-97HRF1A-10. (2010)

Injury Incidence and Injury Risk Factors among Soldiers in the U.S. Army Ordnance School APG, MD Jan 2000-Jun 2003. External Link USAPHC (Provisional) Injury Prevention Report No. 12-HF-0893-10. (2009)

Risk Factors for Injury and Cigarette Smoking and Temporal Trends in Demographic and Lifestyle Characteristics among U.S. Army Ordnance School Students, 2000-2006. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Consultation No. 12-MA-083E-08. (2008)

A Prospective Study of Injuries and Injury Risk Factors among Army Wheel Vehicle Mechanics. External Link USACHPPM Injury Prevention Report No. 12-MA-7193B-06. (2006)

Injuries among Army Light-Wheel Vehicle Mechanics. External Link USACHPPM Report No. 12-MA-7193A-06. (2006)

Injuries and Injury Prevention in the U.S. Army Band. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Consultation Report No. 12-HF-01Q2A-06. (2006)

The Association of Health Risk Behaviors and Training-Related Injury among U.S. Army Basic Trainees. External Link USACHPPM Project No. 12-HF-0C7G-06. (2006)

Comparison of Physical Activity among New U.S. Army Recruits and High School Students. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Study No. 12-HF-01Q9E-06. (2006)

Recruit Assessment Program: Implementation at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego. External Link Naval Health Research Center Report No. 02-17. (2002)

The Prevalence of Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm among U.S. Army Recruits and Its Effects on Physical Performance. External Link Chest Journal, 119:6, 1676-1684; Sonna LA, Angel KC, et al. (2001).

A Second Investigation of Injuries Among Officers Attending the U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA, during Academic Year 2000. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Consultation Report No. 29-HE-2682A-00: (2000)

Physical Fitness Soldiers Entering and Completing Basic Combat Training. External Link USARIEM Report No. A-3749S6. (2000)

An Investigation of Injuries among Officers Attending the U.S. Army War College during Academic Year 1999. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Consultation Report No. 29-HE-2682-99. (1999)

Injury Incidence, Injury Risk Factors, and Physical Fitness of U.S. Army Basic Trainees at Ft. Jackson, SC 1997. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Consultation Report No. 29-HE-7513-98. (1998)

Prevention (Interventions, Studies and Evaluations)

Journal articles

Avoiding program-induced cumulative overload. J Spec Oper Med, 16(2): 91-96, Orr R, Knapik JJ, Pope R. (2016)

Prevalence of Dietary Supplement Use by Athletes: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. External Link Sports Medicine, 46(1):103-123, Knapik JJ, et al. (2016)

Pain on Functional Movement Screen Tests and Injury RiskExternal Link Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(11S): S65-S70; Bushman T, et al. (2015)

The Functional Movement Screen and Injury Risk: Association and Predictive Value in Active MenExternal Link American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(2): 297-304; Bushman T, et al. (2015)

Perspectives on Aerobic and Strength Influences on Military Physical Readiness: Report of an International Military Physiology RoundtableExternal Link Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(11S): S10-S23; Friedl K, et al. (2015)

Efficacy of Functional Movement Screening for Predicting Injuries in Coast Guard CadetsExternal Link Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(5): 1157-1162; Knapik JJ, et al.  (2015)

Human Performance Optimization Metrics: Consensus Findings, Gaps, and Recommendations for Future ResearchExternal Link Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(11): S221-S245; Nindl BC, et al. (2015)

Technical reports

Development of a Theory-Driven Injury Prevention Communication Strategy for US Army PersonnelExternal Link PHR No. S.0023151-16, Army Public Health Center (Provisional), Aberdeen Proving Ground MD. (2016)

Influence of a Viscoelastic Insole on Foot, Knee and Back Pain among Members of the U.S. Army Band Aug 2009-Mar 2010External Link USAPHC Epidemiological Report No. 12-HF-97G010-09. (2010)

Injury Prevention Effectiveness of Modifications of Shoe Type on Injuries and Risk Factors Associated with Pain and Discomfort in the U.S. Army Band Fort Meyer, VA 2007-2008. External Link USACHPPM Injury Prevention Report No. 12-HF-05WC-07. (2009)

Injury-Reduction Effectiveness of Prescribing Running Shoes Based on Planter Shape in Marine Corps Basic Training San Diego, CA and Parris Island, SC Mar-Oct 2007. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Report No. 12-HF-05SBA-07C. (2009)

Influence of Iron Supplementation of Injury Risk in Basic Combat TrainingExternal Link USACHPPM Report No. 12-MA0896-08. USACHPPM Report No. 12-MA-05SBA-08A. (2008)

Injury Reduction Effectiveness of Prescribing Running Shoes Based on Foot Shape in Air Force Basic Military Training. External Link (2008)

Injury Reduction Effectiveness of Prescribing Running Shoes Based on Foot Shape in Basic Combat Training. External Link USACHPPM Report No. 12-MA-05SB-08. (2008)

Recommendations for Prevention of Physical Training (PT)-Related Injuries: Results of a Systematic Evidence-Based ReviewExternal Link USACHPPM Report No. 21-KK-08QR-08. (2008)

Prevention of Football Injuries: A Review of the LiteratureExternal Link USACHPPM General Medical Service Study Report No. 12-MA-01Q5-05. (2005)

A Review of the Literature on Attrition from the Military Services: Risk Factors for Attrition and Strategies to Reduce Attrition. External Link USACHPPM Report No. 12-HF-01Q9A-04. (2004)

Evaluation of a Program to Identify and Pre-Condition Trainees with Low Physical Fitness: Attrition and Cost Analysis. External Link USACHPPM Report No. 12-HF-01Q9C-04. (2004)

Evaluation of Two Army Fitness Programs: The TRADOC Standardized Physical Training Program for Basic Combat Training and the Fitness Assessment ProgramExternal Link USACHPPM Project No. 12-HF-5772B-04. (2004)

Guidance for Ability Group Run Speeds and Distances in Basic Combat Training. External Link USACHPPM Project No. 12-HF-5772A-03. (2003)

The APG Injury Control Project: Influence of a Multiple Intervention Program on Injuries and Fitness among Ordnance School Soldiers in Advanced Individual Training. External Link USACHPPM Project No. 12-HF-7990-03. (2003)

Evaluation of Injury Rates During Implementation of the Fort Drum Running Shoe Injury Prevention Program. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Consultation No. 12-MA-6558-01. (2001)

The Victory Fitness Program: Influence of the U.S. Army's Emerging Physical Readiness Training Doctrine on Fitness and Injuries in Basic Combat Training. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Consultation Report No. 12-MA-5762-01. (2001)

 MILITARY-SPECIFIC TRAINING RELATED INJURIES

Basic and Initial Entry Training

Journal articles

Letter to the Editor: Regarding the Bulzacchelli et al. Article on Risk Factors of Injury During U.S. Army Basic Combat Training. External Link Am J Prev Med, 49(1), E1-3; Jones, BH, Hauschild VD, et al. (2015)

Activities Associated with Injuries in Initial Entry Training. External Link Mil Med, 178:5, 500-506; Knapik JJ, Graham BS, Rieger J, et al. (2013)

Risk Factors for Medical Discharge from U.S. Army Basic Combat Training. External Link Mil Med, 176:10, 1104-1110; Swedler DI, Knapik JJ, Williams KW, et al. (2011)

Association between Ambulatory Physical Activity and Injuries during U.S. Army Basic Combat Training. External Link J Phys Act Health, 8(4), 496-502; Knapik JJ, Hauret KG, Canada S, et al. (2011)

Risk Factors for Training Injuries among British Army Recruits. External Link Mil Med, 173, 3:278-286; Blacker SD, Wilkinson DM, Bilzon JL, Rayson MP. (2008)

Increasing the Physical Fitness of Low-Fit Recruits before Basic Combat Training: An Evaluation of Fitness, Injuries, and Training Outcomes. External Link Mil Med, 171:1, 45-54; Knapik JJ, et al. (2006)

Evaluation of a Standardized Physical Training Program for Basic Combat Training. External Link J Strength Cond Res, 19, 246-253; Knapik J, Darakjy S, Scott SJ, et al. (2005)

Discharges during U.S. Army Basic Training: Injury Rates and Risk Factors. External Link Mil Med, 166:7, 641-647; Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Hauret KG, et al. (2001)

Risk Factors for Training-Related Injuries among Men and Women in Basic Combat Training. External Link MSSE, 33:6, 946-954; Knapik JJ, Sharp MA, Canham-Chervak M, et al. (2001)

The Fitness Training Unit in U.S. Army Basic Combat Training: Physical Fitness, Training Outcomes, and Injuries. External Link Mil Med, 166:4, 356-361; Knapik JJ, Canham-Chervak M, Hoedebecke E, et al. (2001)

High Injury Rates among Female Army Trainees: A Function of Gender? External Link Am J Prev Med 18(3), 141-146; Bell NS, Mangione TW, Hemenway D, et al. (2000)

Physical Training and Exercise-Related Injuries: Surveillance, Research, and Injury Prevention in Military Populations. External Link Sports Med, 27(2), 111-125; Jones BH et al. (1999).

Exercise, Training and Injuries. External Link Jones BH, Cowan DN, Knapik JJ. Sports Med 18(3): 202-1. (1994)

Technical reports

Physical Fitness Soldiers Entering and Completing Basic Combat Training. USARIEM Report No. A-3749S6. (2000)

Injury Incidence and Injury Risk Factors among U.S. Army Basic Trainees, Ft. Jackson, South Carolina 1998. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiologic Report No. 29-HE-8370-98; Knapik JJ, Sharp ML, et al. (1999)

Injury Incidence, Injury Risk Factors, and Physical Fitness of U.S. Army Basic Trainees at Ft. Jackson, SC 1997. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Consultation Report No. 29-HE-7513-98. (1998)

Incidence of and Risk Factors for Injury and Illness among Male and Female Army Basic Trainees. External Link USARIEM Tech Report No. T19-88; Jones BH, Manikowsky R, Harris J, et al. (1988)

Deployment

Journal articles

Non-battle Injuries among U.S. Army Soldiers Deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq, 2001-2013. External Link J Safety Res, 60,  29-34; Patel AA, Hauret KG, Taylor BJ, Jones BH. (2017)

Surveillance of Disease and Non-battle Injuries during U.S. Army Operations in Afghanistan and IraqExternal Link AMEDD Journal; 4-9:15-23; Hauret KG, Pacha L, Taylor BJ, Jones BH. (2016)

A Description of Injuries in Men and Women While Serving in AfghanistanExternal Link Mil Med, 180:2, 126-131; Roy TC, Ritland BM, Sharp MA. (2015)

Description of Musculoskeletal Injuries Occurring in Female Soldiers Deployed to AfghanistanExternal Link Mil Med, 180:3, 269-75; Roy TC, Piva SR, Christiansen BC, et al. (2015)

Increases in Physical Demands during Deployment Compared to Garrison Predict Musculoskeletal Injuries in Female SoldiersExternal Link Australian Journal of Strength and Conditioning, 23:7, 27-32; Roy TC, Piva SR. (2015)

Physiological Employment Standards III: Physiological Challenges and Consequences Encountered during International Military Deployments. External Link Eur J Appl Physiol, 113(11), 2655-2672; Nindl BC, et al. (2013)

Loads Worn by Soldiers Predict Episodes of Low Back Pain during Deployment to AfghanistanExternal Link Spine, 38:15,   1310-7; Roy TC, Lopez HP, Piva SR. (2013)

A Comparison of Deployed Occupational Tasks Performed by Different Types of Military Battalions and Resulting Low Back Pain. External Link Mil Med, 178:8, 937-43; Roy TC, Lopez HP. (2013)

Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Injuries for Soldiers Deployed to AfghanistanExternal Link Aviat Space Environ Med, 83:11, 1060-1066; Roy TC,  Knapik JJ, Ritland BM, Murphy N, Sharp MA. (2012)

Lifting Tasks are Associated with Injuries during the Early Portion of a Deployment to Afghanistan. External Link Mil Med, 177(6), 716-722; Roy TC, Ritland BM, Knapik JJ, Sharp MA. (2012)

Low Back Pain Prevalence and Mechanisms of Injury in an Infantry Brigade Serving in Afghanistan. External Link MSSE, 43:5S, S368; Roy TC, Seay J. (2011)

Diagnoses and Mechanisms of Musculoskeletal Injuries in an Infantry Brigade Combat Team Deployed to Afghanistan Evaluated by the Brigade Physical TherapistExternal Link Mil Med, 176:7, 903-908; Roy TC. (2011)

Frequency and Causes of Nonbattle Injuries Air Evacuated from Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom, U.S. Army, 2001-2006. External Link Am J Prev Med 38(1S), 94-107; Hauret KG, Taylor BJ, et al. (2010)

A Systematic Review of Post-Deployment Injury-Related Mortality among Military Personnel Deployed to Conflict Zones. External Link BMC Public Health, 9, 231-253; Knapik JJ, Marin RE, Grier TL, Jones BH. (2009)

Physical Performance Responses during 72 H of Military Operational Stress. External Link MSSE. 34(11), 1814-1822; Nindl BC, Leone CD, Tharion W, et al. (2002)

Technical reports

U.S. Army Operation Enduring Freedom Deployment Injury Surveillance Summary, 1 January–31 December 2012External Link PHR No. S.0000614-12, USAPHC, APG MD. (2015)

Optimizing Operational Physical Fitness. External Link NATO RTO Technical Report TR-HFM-080. (2009)

Effectiveness of a Seat Pad in Reducing Back Pain in Long-Distance Drivers Deployed to Kuwait Oct 2008-May 2009External Link USACHPPM (Prov) Epidemiological Report No. 12-MA-09H8-08. (2009)

U.S. Army Deployment Injury Surveillance Summary CY2007External Link USACHPPM Injury Prevention Report No. 12-HF-0AN7A-09. (2009)

Injuries and Physical Fitness Before and After Deployments of the 10th Mountain Division to Afghanistan and the 1st Cavalry Division to Iraq, Sept 2005-Oct 2008External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Report No. 12-HF-05SR-05. (2008)

Development of a Deployment Injury Surveillance System Using Medical Air Evacuation Data. External Link USACHPPM Technical Report No. 12-HF-056S-07. (2007)

Obstacle Course and Combatives

Activities Associated with Injuries in Initial Entry Training. External Link Mil Med, 178:5, 500-506; Knapik JJ, Graham BS, Rieger J, Steelman R, Pendergrass T. (2013)

Musculoskeletal Injuries Sustained in Modern Army Combatives. External Link Mil Med, 177:1, 60-63; Possley DR, Johnson AE. (2012)

Parachuting

Journal articles

Risk Factors for Injuries during Military Static-Line Airborne Operations: Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisExternal Link J Athl Train, 51(11):962-980, Knapik JJ, Steelman RA. (2016)

Injury Incidence with T-10 and T-11 Parachutes in Military Airborne OperationsExternal Link Aviat Space Environ Med, 85:1159-69; Knapik JJ, Steelman R, Hoedebecke K, et al. (2014)

The Advanced Tactical Parachute System (T-11): Injuries during Basic Military Parachute Training. External Link Aviat Space Environ Med, 82:10, 935- 940; Knapik JJ, Graham B, Steelman R, et al. (2011)

Military Parachuting Injuries, Associated Events, and Injury Risk Factors. External Link Aviat Space Environ Med, 82:8, 797-804; Knapik JJ, Steelman R, Grier T, et al. (2011)

Effectiveness of an External Ankle Brace in Reducing Parachuting Related Ankle Injuries. External Link Injury Prevention; 17:58-61. Luippold RS, Sulky SI, Amoroso PJ. (2011)

Systematic Review of the Parachute Ankle Brace: Injury Risk Reduction and Cost Effectiveness. Am J Prev Med, 38:S1, S182-S188; Knapik JJ, Spiess A, Swedler DI, et al. (2010).

Injury Risk Factors in Parachuting and Acceptability of the Parachute Ankle Brace. External Link Aviat Space Environ Med, 79:7, 689-694 Knapik JJ, Spiess A, Swedler D, et al. (2008)

Parachute Ankle Brace and Extrinsic Injury Risk Factors During Parachuting. External Link Aviat Space Environ Med, 79:4, 408-415; Knapik JJ, Darakjy S, Swedler D, et al. (2008)

Military Parachuting Injuries: A Literature Review. External Link Occup Med, 49:1, 17-26; Bricknell MC, Craig SC. (1999)

Technical reports

Military Airborne Training Injuries and Injury Risk Factors Fort Bragg, North Carolina, Jun-Dec 2010. External Link USAPHC (Provisional) Epidemiological Report No. 12-HF-17G072-10. (2011)

A Survey of Parachute Ankle Brace Breakages. External Link USACHPPM Report No. 12-MA01Q2A-08. (2008)

Risk Factors for Parachute Injuries and Airborne Student Observations on the Parachute Ankle Brace. External Link USACHPPM Report No. 12-MA-01Q2-08B. (2007)

The Parachute Ankle Brace: Entanglements and Injuries after Controlling for Extrinsic Risk Factors. External Link USACHPPM Report No. 12-MA01Q2-07. (2007)

Physical Fitness Testing

Journal articles

Fitness Tests and Occupational Tasks of Military Interest: A Systematic Review of Correlations. External Link Occup Environ Med; 74:144-153; Hauschild VD, DeGroot DW, Hall SM, et al. (2017)

History of the U.S. Army Physical Fitness and Physical Readiness Testing. External Link AMEDD Journal, April–June, 5-19; Knapik JJ, East WB. (2014)

Activities Associated with Injuries in Initial Entry Training. External Link Mil Med, 178:5, 500-506; Knapik JJ, Graham BS, Rieger J, et al. (2013)

The Development of a Pre-selection Physical Fitness Training Program for Canadian Special Operations Regiment Applicants. External Link J Strength Cond Res, 26:S2-S14; Carlson MJ, Jaenen SP. (2012)

U.S. Army Physical Readiness Training: Rationale and Evaluation of the Physical Training Doctrine. External Link J Strength Cond Res, 23:4, 1353-1362; Knapik JJ, Rieger, W, Palkoska F, et al. (2009)

Prediction of Simulated Battlefield Physical Performance from Field-Expedient Tests. External Link Mil Med, 173(1), 36-41; Harman EA, Gutekunst DJ, Frykman PN, et al. (2008)

The Validity of Self-Reported Physical Fitness Test Scores. External Link Mil Med, 172:2, 115-120; Jones SB, Knapik JJ, Sharp MA, et al. (2007)

Assessing Fitness for Military Enlistment. External Link National Research Council. (2006)

Evaluation of a Standardized Physical Training Program for Basic Combat Training. External Link J Strength Cond Res, 19:2, 246-253. Knapik JJ, Darakjy S, Scott SJ, et al. (2005)

Technical reports

Correlations Between Physical Fitness Tests and Performance of Military Tasks: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses External Link APHC Public Health Report No. 12-02-0614; Hauschild VD, DeGroot D, et al. (2014)

Development of a New Army Standardized Physical Readiness Test: 2012 through 2013. APHC Public Health Report No. 12-01-0614; Jones BH, Nindl B, Hauret K et al. (2014)

Optimizing Operational Physical Fitness. External Link NATO RTO Technical Report TR-HFM-080. (2009)

Job Performance as a Function of Physical Fitness among MOS 63B, Light-Wheel Vehicle Mechanics  External Link USARIEM Technical Report No. T07-07. (2007)

Attitudes of New Recruits Toward a Pre-Enlistment Physical Fitness Screening Test. External Link USACHPPM Technical Report No. 12-HF-01Q9F-06. (2006)

The Case for Pre-Enlistment Physical Fitness Testing: Research and Recommendations. External Link USACHPPM Report No. 12-HF-01Q9D-04. (2004)

Preliminary Derivation of Test Item Clusters for Predicting Injuries, Poor Physical Performance, and Overall Attrition in Basic Combat TrainingExternal Link USARIEM Technical Report T07-06. (2006)

Associations between Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Injuries among Young Men and Women in the Army. External Link In: Body Composition and Physical Performance, 141-173. Jones BH, et al. (1992)

Road Marching

Journal articles

Soldier Occupational Load Carriage: A Narrative Review of Associated Injuries. External Link Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot, 21(4), 388-396; Orr RM, Pope R, Johnston V, Coyle J. (2013)

Physiological Employment Standards III: Physiological Challenges and Consequences Encountered during International Military Deployments. External Link Eur J Appl Physiol, 113(11), 2655-2672; Nindl BC, et al. (2013)

Lifting Tasks are Associated with Injuries during the Early Portion of a Deployment to Afghanistan. External Link Mil Med, 177(6), 716-722; Roy TC, Ritland BM, Knapik JJ, Sharp MA. (2012)

Load Carriage in Military Operations. A Review of Historical, Physiological, Biomechanical, and Medical Aspects. External Link Knapik J, Reynolds K. (2012)

A Systematic Review of the Effects of Physical Training on Load Carriage. External Link Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot, 26:2, 585-597; Knapik JJ, Harman EA, Steelman RA, Graham BS. (2012)

Soldier Load Carriage: Historical, Physiological, Biomechanical, and Medical Aspects. External Link Mil Med, 169:1, 45-56; Knapik JJ, Reynolds KL, Harman E. (2004)

Technical reports

Foot Marching, Load Carriage, and Injury Risk. External Link  APHC Technical Information Paper No. 12-054-0616; Hauschild V, Roy T, Grier T, Schuh A, Jones BH. (2016)

Optimizing Operational Physical Fitness. External Link  NATO RTO Technical Report TR-HFM-080. (2009)

Book chapters

Load Carriage-Related Injury Mechanisms, Risk Factors, and PreventionExternal Link In: Gefen A, Epstein Y (Eds), Mechanobiology and Mechanophysiology of Military-Related Injuries, Springer Publishing; Knapik JJ, et al. (2015)

Blister Prevention

Prevention of Blisters. External Link J Spec Oper Med, 14:2, 95-96; Knapik JJ. (2014)

Mouthguards

A Review of Facial Protective Equipment Use in Sport and the Impact of Injury Incidence. External LinkBr J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 50:3, 233-238; Farrington T, Onambele-Pearson G, Taylor R, et al.  (2012)

Oral-Maxillofacial Injury Surveillance in the Department of Defense, 1996-2005. External LinkAm J Prev Med, 38:S1, S86-S93; Mitchener TA, Canham-Chervak M. (2010)

Air Medical Evacuations of Soldiers for Oral-Facial Disease and Injuries OEF/OIF Jan-Dec 2006External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Report No. DD-HA-0AY0A-09. (2009)

Mouthguards in Sport Activities: History, Physical Properties and Injury Prevention Effectiveness. External Link Sports Medicine, 37:2, 117-144; Knapik JJ, Marshall SW, Lee RB, et al. (2007)

Evaluation of Mouthguards for the Prevention of Orofacial Injuries during U.S. Army Basic Military Training. External Link Dent Traumatol, 24(1), 86-90; DelaCruz GG, Knapik JJ, Birk MG. (2008)

 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL TRAINING RELATED INJURIES

Blister Prevention (See Above)

Extreme Conditioning Programs (ECP)

Extreme Conditioning Programs: Potential Benefits and Potential Risks. External Link J Spec Oper Med, 15(3): 108-113; Knapik JJ. (2015)

Extreme Conditioning Programs and Injury Risk in a US Army Brigade Combat Team. External Link AMEDD Journal, Oct-Dec, 36-47; Grier TL, Canham-Chervak M, McNulty V, Jones BH. (2013)

Mouthguards (See Above)

Physical Training

The Role of Gender and Physical Performance on Injuries: an Army Study. External Link AJPM, 52(5):e131-e138; Anderson MK, Grier T, Dada, EO, Canham-Chervak M, Jones BH (2017)

 

Fitness Tests and Occupational Tasks of Military Interest: A Systematic Review of Correlations. External Link Occup Environ Med; 74:144-153; Hauschild VD, DeGroot DW, Hall SM, et al. (2017)

 

Effect of Mandatory Unit and Individual Physical Training on Fitness in Military Men and Women. External Link Am J Health Promot, online; Anderson MK, Grier T, Canham-Chervak M, Bushman T, Nindl BC, Jones BH (2016)

Avoiding program-induced cumulative overload. J Spec Oper Med, 16(2): 91-96, Orr R, Knapik JJ, Pope R. (2016)

Development of the Tactical Human Optimization, Rapid Rehabilitation and Reconditioning Program Military Operator Readiness Test for the Special Forces Operator. External Link Strength Cond J, 38(6):55-60, Bear R, et al. (2016)

 

The Effects of Cross-Training on Fitness and Injury in Women. External Link AMEDD Journal, Apr-Jun: 33-41; Grier T, et al. (2015)

Physical Training, Fitness, and Injuries: Lessons Learned From Military Studies. External Link J Strength Condit Res, 29(11S):S57-S64; Jones BH, et al. (2015)

The Importance of Physical Fitness for Injury Prevention (Part 1)External Link J of Spec Oper Med, 15(1):123-127; Knapik JJ. (2015)

The Importance of Physical Fitness for Injury Prevention (Part 2)External Link J of Spec Oper Med, 15(2):112-115; Knapik JJ. (2015)

Epidemiology of Exercise- and Sports-related Injuries in a Population of Young, Physically Active Adults: A Survey of Military Servicemembers. External Link Am J Sports Med, 43(11):2645-53, Hauret KG, et al. (2015)

Physical Training Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Injury in Female SoldiersExternal Link Mil Med, 179:12, 1432-1438; Roy TC, Songer T, Ye F, LaPorte R, Grier T, Anderson M, Chervak M. (2014)

The Effectiveness of Exercise Interventions to Prevent Sports Injuries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. External Link Br J Sports Med, 48, 871-877; Lauerson JB, et al. (2014)

Activities Associated with Injuries in Initial Entry Training. External Link Mil Med, 178:5, 500-506; Knapik JJ, Graham BS, Rieger J, Steelman R, Pendergrass T. (2013)

Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal, and Neuromotor Fitness in Apparently Healthy Adults: Guidance for Prescribing Exercise. External Link MSSE, 43(7), 1334-1359; Garber C, et al. (2011)

Prevention of Physical Training-Related Injuries: Recommendations for the Military and Other Active Populations Based on Expedited Systematic Reviews. Am J Prev Med, 38:S1, 156-181; Bullock SH, Jones BH, Gilchrist J, Marshall SW. (2010)

U.S. Army Physical Readiness Training: Rationale and Evaluation of the Physical Training Doctrine. External Link J Strength Cond Res, 23:4, 1353-1362; Knapik JJ, Rieger W, et al. (2009)

Adequacy of Evidence for Physical Activity Guidelines Development. External Link Institute of Medicine, 73-94. (2007)

Increasing the Physical Fitness of Low-Fit Recruits Before Basic Combat Training: An Evaluation of Fitness, Injuries, and Training Outcomes. External Link Mil Med, 171:1, 45-54; Knapik JJ, Darakjy S, et al. (2006)

Evaluation of a Standardized Physical Training Program for Basic Combat Training. External Link J Strength Cond Res, 19:2, 246-253; Knapik JJ, Darakjy S, Scott SJ, et al. (2005)

Outcomes of Fort Jackson's Physical Training and Rehabilitation Program in Army Basic Combat Training: Return to Training, Graduation, and 2-Year Retention. External Link Mil Med, 169:7, 562-567; Hauret KG, Knapik JJ, Lange J, et al. (2004)

Injury and Fitness Outcomes during Implementation of Physical Readiness Training. External Link Int J Sports Exerc Med, 24, 372-381; Knapik JJ, Hauret KG, Arnold S, et al. (2003)

Retention in Service of Recruits Assigned to the Army Physical Fitness Test Enhancement Program in Basic Combat Training. External Link Mil Med, 168:6, 490-492; Knapik JJ, Hauret KG, Lange JL, Jovag B. (2003)

The Physical Training and Rehabilitation Program: Duration of Rehabilitation and Final Outcome of Injuries in Basic Combat Training. External Link Mil Med, 166, 9:820-826; Hauret KG, Shippey DL, Knapik JJ. (2001)

Exercise-Related Injuries among Women: Strategies for Prevention from Civilian and Military Studies. External Link MMWR Recomm Rep 49(RR-2), 15-33; Gilchrist J, Jones BH, Sleet DA, Kimsey CD. (2000)

Rehabilitation and Recovery

The Team Physician and Strength and Conditioning of Athletes for Sports: A Consensus Statement. External Link MSSE, 47(2), 440-445. (2015)

Selected Issues in Injury and Illness Prevention and the Team Physician: A Consensus Statement. External Link MSSE, 39(11), 2058-2068. (2007)

Psychological Issues Related to Injury in Athletes and the Team Physician: A Consensus Statement. External Link MSSE, 38(11), 2030-2034. (2006)

Female Athlete Issues for the Team Physician: A Consensus Statement. External Link MSSE, 35(10), 1785-1793. (2003)

Running

Journal articles

Minimalist Running Shoes and Injury Risk among U.S. Army Soldiers. External Link Am J Sports Med, 44(6), 1439-1446; Grier T, Canham-Chervak, M, Bushman T, Anderson M, North W, Jones BH. (2016)

Injuries and Footwear (Part 2): Minimalist Running ShoesExternal Link J of Spec Oper Med, 16(1):89-95; Knapik JJ, et al. (2016)

Injuries and Footwear (Part 1): Athletic Shoe History and Injuries in Relation to Foot Arch Height and Training in BootsExternal Link J of Spec Oper Med, 15(4):102-108; Knapik JJ, et al. (2015)

Physical Training in Boots and Running Shoes: Historical Comparison of Injury Incidence in Basic Combat Training. External Link Mil Med, 180, 321-328, Knapik JJ. (2015)

What are the Main Running-Related Musculoskeletal Injuries? A Systematic Review. External Link Sports Med, 42(10), 891-905; Lopes AD, Hespanhol LC Jr, Yeung SS, Pena Costa LO. (2012)

The Barefoot Debate: Can Minimalist Shoes Reduce Running-Related Injuries? External Link Curr Sports Med Rep, 11(3), 160-165; Rixe JA, Gallo RA, Silvis ML. (2012)

Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal, and Neuromotor Fitness in Apparently Healthy Adults: Guidance for Prescribing Exercise. External Link MSSE, 43(7), 1334-1359; Garber C, et al. (2011)

Effect on Injuries of Assigning Shoes Based on Foot Shape in Air Force Basic Training. Am J Prev Med, 38:1S, 197-211; Knapik JJ, Brosch LC, Venuto M, et al. (2010)

Injury Reduction Effectiveness of Assigning Running Shoes Based on Plantar Shape in Marine Corps Basic Training. External Link American Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(9), 1759-1767; Knapik JJ, et al. (2010)

Validity of Plantar Surface Visual Assessment as an Estimate of Foot Arch Height. External Link MSSE, 42(2), 375-380; Swedler DI, Knapik JJ, Jones BH. (2010).

Injury Reduction Effectiveness of Selecting Running Shoes Based on Plantar Shape. External Link J Strength Cond Res, 23(3), 685-697; Knapik JJ, Swedler DI, Grier TL, et al. (2009).

The Basis for Prescribed Ability Group Run Speeds and Distances in U.S. Army Basic Combat Training. External Link Mil Med, 171(7), 669-677; Knapik JJ, Scott SJ, Sharp MA, et al. (2006)

Prevention of Lower Extremity Stress Fractures in Athletes and Soldiers: A Systematic Review. External Link Epidemiol Rev, 24(2), 228-247; Jones BH, Thacker SB, Gilchrist J, et al. (2002)

Effect of Rest from Running on Overuse Injuries in Army Basic Training. External Link Am J Prev Med, 18(3S), 147-155; Popovich RM, Gardner JW, Potter R, Knapik JJ, Jones BH. (2000)

Technical reports

Guidance for Ability Group Run Speeds and Distances in Basic Combat TrainingExternal Link USACHPPM Project No. 12-HF-5772A-03. (2003)

Evaluation of Injury Rates During Implementation of the Fort Drum Running Shoe Injury Prevention Program. External Link USACHPPM Epidemiological Consultation No. 12-MA-6558-01. (2001)

Stretching

Stretching to Prevent or Reduce Muscle Soreness after Exercise. External Link The Cochrane Library, 7, 1-47; Herbert RD, Noronha M, Kamper SJ. (2011)

A Systematic Review into the Efficacy of Static Stretching as Part of a Warm-Up for the Prevention of Exercise-Related Injury. External Link  Research in Sports Medicine, 16, 213–231. Small K, McNaughton L, et al. (2008)

The Impact of Stretching on Sports Injury Risk: A Systematic Review of the Literature. External Link MSSE, 371-378; Thacker SB, et al. (2004)

Team Sports (Basketball, Football, Softball)

Basketball

Prevention of Lower Extremity Injuries in Basketball: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. External Link Sports Health, 7(5), 392-398; Taylor JB, et al. (2015)

Mechanisms of Basketball Injuries Reported to the U.S. Air Force Safety Center A Ten Year Descriptive Study (1993 to 2002). External Link Am J Prev Med, 38(1S), 134-140; Burnham BR, Copley B, et al. (2010)

Ankle Injuries in Basketball Injury Rate and Risk Factors. External Link Br J Sports Med, 35, 103-108; McKay GD, Goldie PA, Payne WR, Oakes BW. (2001)

Football

Prevention of Football Injuries: A Review of the LiteratureExternal Link USACHPPM General Medical Service Study Report No. 12-MA-01Q5-05. (2005)

Softball

Interventions to Prevent Softball Related Injuries: A Review of the Literature. External Link Injury Prevention, 11, 277-281; Pollack KM, Canham-Chervak M, Gazal-Carvalho C, et al. (2005)

Weight-Training

Assessment ongoing (2015) - Technical references can be provided at request.

Winter Sports

Differences in Injury Distribution in Professional and Recreational Snowboarding. External Link Open Access J Sports Med, 6, 109-119; Ehrnthaller C, Kusche H, Gebhard F. (2015)

Emergency Department-Reported Head Injuries from Skiing and Snowboarding among Children and Adolescents, 1996-2010. External Link Inj Prev, 19(6); Graves JM, Whitehill JM, Stream JO, et al. (2013)

An Evidence Based Review: Efficacy of Safety Helmets in Reduction of Head Injuries in Recreational Skiers and Snowboarders. External Link J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 73(5), 1340-1347; Haider AH, et al. (2012)

The Epidemiology of Sport-Related Concussion. External Link Clin Sports Med. 30(1), 1-17; Daneshvar DH, Nowinski CJ, McKee A, Cantu RC. (2011)

Don't Be A Victim of Winter Wipeout. American Fitness, 1, 40-41; Schwager T. (2009)

National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Environmental Cold Injuries. External Link J Athl Train, 43(6), 640-658; Cappaert TA, Stone JA, Castellani JW, et al. (2008)

ACCIDENTS HAPPEN -- Even to Professional Skiers. Mobility Forum: The Journal of the Air Mobility Command's Magazine [serial online]. 16(1), 16-18; Sikes R. (2007)

An International Review of Head and Spinal Cord Injuries in Alpine Skiing and Snowboarding. External Link Injury Prevention. 13(6), 368-375; Ackery A, Hagel BE, Provvidenza C, Tator CH. (2007)

Effect of Trail Design and Grooming on the Incidence of Injuries at Alpine Ski Areas. External Link Br J Sp Med, 38(3), 264-268; Bergstrom K, Ekeland A. (2004)

Snowmobile Injuries. External Link Canadian Medical Association Journal, 168(6), 739; Hoey J. (2003)

Snow Sports Injuries in Scotland: A Case-Control Study. External Link Br J Sports Med, 36(2), 135-140; Langran M, Selvaraj S. (2002)

 SLIP, TRIP AND FALL-RELATED INJURIES

Journal articles

Identification of Specific Activities Associated with Fall-Related InjuriesExternal Link MSMR, 23(6): 2-9; Hauschild V, Schuh A, Taylor BJ, et al. (2016)

Identification of Fall Prevention Strategies for the Military: A Review of the Literature. External Link Mil Med, 180(12): 1225-1232; Canham-Chervak M, et al. (2015)

Identifying Modifiable Causes of Fall-Related Injury: An Analysis of U.S. Army Safety Data. External Link Work, 33:1, 23-34; Shuping E, Canham-Chervak M, Amoroso PJ, Jones BH. (2009)

Evaluation of a Comprehensive Slip, Trip And Fall Prevention Programme for Hospital Employees. External Link Ergonomics, 51(12), 1906-25; Bell JL, et al. (2008)

Hospitalizations for Fall-Related Injuries among Active Duty Army Soldiers, 1980-1998. External Link Work. 18(2) 161-170; Senier L, et al. (2002)

Technical reports

Etiology of Fall-Related Injuries: Review of Narrative Incident Reports, January to December 2011. External Link APHC (Prov) Injury Prevention Report No. S.0032427; Hauschild V, Schuh A, et al. (2015)

 SUPPLEMENTS AND CAFFEINE

Demographic Factors associated with Dietary Supplement Prescriptions Filled by US Service Members, 2005-2013External Link BMC Complement Altern Med, 17(1):84, Knapik JJ, Jean RT, Austin KG, et al. (2017)

Prevalence of Dietary Supplement Use by Athletes: Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisExternal Link Sports Med, 46:1, 103-123; Knapik JJ, Steelman RA, Hoedebecke SS, et al. (2016)

Temporal Trends in Dietary Supplement Prescriptions of US Military Service MembersExternal Link Nutrition Research, 36(10):1140-1152, Knapik JJ, Thelus R, Austin KG, et al. (2016)

Prevalence, Adverse Events, and Factors associated with Dietary Supplement and Nutritional Supplement Use by US Navy and Marine Corps PersonnelExternal Link J Acad Nutr Diet, 116(9):1423-1442, Knapik JJ, et al. (2016)

Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps PersonnelExternal Link Nutrients, 8(10):620, Knapik JJ, Trone DW, McGraw S, et al. (2016)

 

  VEHICLE ACCIDENT RELATED INJURIES  

Motor Vehicle Crashes among Active Duty U.S. Army Personnel, 1999 to 2006. External Link Mil Med, 176:9, 1019-1026; Rossen LM, Pollack KM, Canham-Chervak M, et al. (2011)

Self-Reported Risk-Taking Behaviors and Hospitalization for Motor Vehicle Injury among Active Duty Army Personnel External Link AJPM, 18:3(1S), 85-95; Bell NS, Amoroso PJ, Yore MY, et al. (2000)