Entomology and Pest Management
EZORA: Entomological and Zoonotic Operational Risk Assessments 

Entomological and zoonotic operational risk assessments (EZORAs) are prepared jointly by the APHC Entomological Sciences Program and the Veterinary Services Portfolio to assist public health and military medical planners with pre-deployment planning and deployments to a country of concern.

  • In addition to vector-borne disease risk, an EZORA also covers zoonotic risks to military personnel and military working dogs including: 

o   Animal-contact (rabies, Q fever, anthrax)

o   Water-contact and water-borne (schistosomiasis, leptospirosis)

o   Aerosolized dust or soil-contact (soil-transmitted helminths, hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, Lassa fever)

o   Other contagious diseases that can potentially spread between animals and humans (monkeypox, Marburg hemorrhagic fever, Ebola hemorrhagic fever)

o   Zoological risks (venomous snakes, scorpions, spiders)  

 

  • Sources for technical contents of the EZORAS:

o   National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI) External link

o   Armed Forces Pest Management Board (AFPMB) External link

o   AFPMB Technical Guide 46 (DoD Entomological Operational Risk Assessment) External link (CAC required)

o   US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) External link

o   Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (WRBU) External link

o   World Health Organization External link

 

Latest EZORAs by country. (Password protected - AKO) External link

               

Afghanistan

Guinea

Philippines

Angola

Guinea-Bissau

Qatar

Benin

Honduras

Romania

Burkina Faso

Indonesia

Saudi Arabia

Burundi

Iran

Sierra Leone

Cambodia

Iraq

Somalia

Central African Republic

Jordan

South Sudan

Democratic Republic of Congo

Kazakhstan

Syria

Djibouti

Latvia

Tajikistan

Dominican Republic

Liberia

Turkey

Egypt

Lithuania

Turkmenistan

Estonia

Mali

Uzbekistan

Gabon

Nigeria

Vietnam

Georgia

Oman

Yemen

Contact APHC Entomological Sciences Program to obtain an EZORA that is not listed above.

 

Related Army Public Health Center Programs