Entomology and Pest Management

EZORAs: Entomological and Zoonotic Operational Risk Assessments

Last Updated: November 15, 2018
Skip Navigation LinksAPHC Home / Topics / Deployment & Environmental Health / Entomology and Pest Management / EZORAs: Entomological and Zoonotic Operational Risk Assessments

​Entomological and zoonotic operational risk assessments (EZORAs) are prepared jointly by the APHC Entomological Sciences Division and Veterinary Services and Public Health Sanitation Directorate to assist public health and military medical planners with pre-deployment planning and deployments to a country of concern.

  • In addition to vector-borne disease risk, an EZORA also covers zoonotic risks to military personnel and military working dogs including: 
      • Animal-contact (rabies, Q fever, anthrax)
      • Water-contact and water-borne (schistosomiasis, leptospirosis)
      •  Food-borne and water-borne ( brucellosis, tularemia)
      • Aerosolized dust or soil-contact (soil-transmitted helminths, hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, Lassa fever)
      • Other contagious diseases that can potentially spread between animals and humans (monkeypox, Marburg hemorrhagic fever, Ebola hemorrhagic fever)
      • Stray and wild mammals, veomous snakes, scorpions, spiders, and venomous marin animal
      • Protection ( personal protection and military working dogs) 



EZORAs are posted on AKO and can only be accessed by DoD Components and U.S. Government CAC holders.  Latest EZORAs by country. (Password protected - AKO) External Link


BeninIranSaudi Arabia
Burkina FasoIraqSierra Leone
CambodiaKazakhstanSouth Korea
CameroonLaosSouth Sudan
Central African RepublicLiberiaTajikistan
Democratic Republic of CongoLithuaniaTanzania
Dominican RepublicMaliTurkmenistan
GabonNorth KoreaVietnam



Contact APHC Entomological Sciences Division to obtain an EZORA that is not listed above.


Related Army Public Health Center Programs