Entomology and Pest Management

 EZORAs: Entomological and Zoonotic Operational Risk Assessments

Last Updated: February 26, 2020
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​Entomological and zoonotic operational risk assessments (EZORAs) are prepared jointly by the APHC Entomological Sciences Division and Veterinary Services and Public Health Sanitation Directorate to assist public health and military medical planners with pre-deployment planning and deployments to a country of concern.

  • In addition to vector-borne disease risk, an EZORA also covers zoonotic risks to military personnel and military working dogs including: 
      • Animal-contact (rabies, Q fever, anthrax)
      • Water-contact and water-borne (schistosomiasis, leptospirosis)
      •  Food-borne and water-borne ( brucellosis, tularemia)
      • Aerosolized dust or soil-contact (soil-transmitted helminths, hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, Lassa fever)
      • Other contagious diseases that can potentially spread between animals and humans (monkeypox, Marburg hemorrhagic fever, Ebola hemorrhagic fever)
      • Stray and wild mammals, venomous snakes, scorpions, spiders, and venomous marine animals
      • Protection ( personal protection and military working dogs) 



EZORAs are posted on AKO and can only be accessed by DoD Components and U.S. Government CAC holders.  Latest EZORAs by country. (Password protected - milSuite) External Link


BeninIranSaudi Arabia
BhutanIraq​Sierra Leone​
Burkina FasoJordanSomalia
​Burma​KazakhstanSouth Korea
Burundi​KuwaitSouth Sudan
Central African RepublicLithuaniaThailand
Democratic Republic of CongoMoldovaUkraine
Dominican RepublicNigerVenezuela
EstoniaNorth KoreaYemen

Contact APHC Entomological Sciences Division to obtain an EZORA that is not listed above.


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