Industrial Hygiene

Army Asbestos and Lead Programs

Last Updated: December 18, 2017
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​The Army Asbestos and Lead Programs fall under the Installation Environmental Group.



Fortunately,  U.S. Army service members' and civilian employees' enrollment in the Army Asbestos Medical Surveillance program has decreased across the enterprise. Asbestos exposures to Army personnel who work with vehicle parts such as brake pads and insulation, construction projects, and outdoor training environments have decreased. Major abatement projects are generally contracted out to private industry thus removing the risk to Army personnel. The Army is still required to have an Asbestos Management Program in installations world-wide.  


Role of Army Industrial Hygiene in Asbestos Program


  • Serve as the principal advisor and consultant (competent person) (29 CFR 1926.1101) to the Asbestos Control Manager and for DA operations involving personnel, to include military and DA civilian, on the installation concerning asbestos abatement projects.
  • Provide technical input to the Installation Asbestos Management Team for the selection of proper methods for abating potential asbestos health hazards.
  • Advise government-contracting officials on the preparation and review of contract specifications and proposals for asbestos abatement issues.

Suggested training/certification: EPA Asbestos Inspector/ Management Planner


  Army-Related Asbestos Information


DoD and Army Asbestos Policies

External LinkAR 40-5, Preventive Medicine external link icon

External LinkAR 420-1 Army Facilities Management external link icon

External LinkAR 200-1 Environmental Protection and Enhancement external link icon

DA Pam 40-513, Occupational and Environmental Health Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Asbestos Exposure external link iconis the Army's guidance on protecting ALL personnel and dependents that are exposed to asbestos on installations.

Medical Surveillance Program Management Tools

External Link6055.05-M - Occupational Medical Examinations and Surveillance Manual external link icon

 USAPHC Model SOP Asbestos Medical Surveillance


Developing and Implementing an Asbestos Control Program

 Installation Asbestos Management Program external link icon (U.S. Army Center for Public Works Technical Bulletin (PWTB) 420-70-8) is a guidebook that is intended to help installations comply with Army policy by developing and implementing an effective management program.

Performing Asbestos Inspections

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers scopes of work for asbestos inspections:  Asbestos Surveys and Assessments Standard Scope of Work external link icon (EP 1110-1-22).
This pamphlet provides guidance on developing scopes of work for inspection and survey of real property facilities on Army installations in accordance with  Installation Asbestos Management Program external link icon (U.S. Army Public Works Technical Bulletin (PWTB) 420-70-8), to identify, document, and develop a plan for the control or elimination of asbestos hazards.


 External Link USAPHC Fact Sheet: Air Sampling for Asbestos for Comparison to Occupational Exposure Limits
External Link USAPHC Fact Sheet:  Asbestos: An Occupational Health Overview


 Non-Government Resources
 Oklahoma State University Environmental Health & Safety - Asbestos external link icon

Federal Regulations and GuidanceTremolite asbestos
EPA Asbestos

EPA - Asbestos external link icon

EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT) external link iconmanages the asbestos program under the Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) external link icon.

EPA regulations Asbestos external link icon(40 CFR Part 763) and NESHAPS Subpart M external link icon(40 CFR Part 61) implement:

OSHA Asbestos

OSHA Safety and Health Topics - Asbestos external link icon

Asbestos Construction Standard external link icon(OSHA 29 CFR 1926.1101) applies to any work that disturbs asbestos-containing materials, including operation and maintenance work as well as demolition, abatement, housekeeping at construction sites, and emergency cleanup.

Asbestos General Industry Standard external link icon(OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1001) applies to industrial (non-construction) work operations such as vehicle brake and clutch maintenance.
It also applies to general housekeeping operations in facilities (other than at construction sites) where asbestos is not disturbed but may be contacted.

NIOSH - Asbestos external link icon



                                                       Asbestos sign on fence

Planning and Performing Asbestos Abatement Work

Unified Facilities Guide Specifications:  Engineering Control of Asbestos Containing Materials external link icon (UFGS-02 82 16.00 20) covers building abatement work.

 Pre-Design Lead/Asbestos Survey Standard Scope of Work external link icon (EP 1110-1-30) provides a generic scope of work for conducting pre-design surveys for lead and/or asbestos containing materials in/around affected portions of structures to be altered, renovated, or demolished. 
Data collected from these surveys should be incorporated into the design to ensure that construction specification requirements and execution are in accordance with acceptable Federal, state, and local environmental and safety/occupational health regulations. 

 Engineering and Design - Asbestos Abatement Air Monitoring Standard Scope of Work external link icon (EP 1110-1-23) provides guidance on developing a scope of work for the hiring of an independent contractor to conduct air monitoring during asbestos abatement, in accordance with  Asbestos Hazard Control Activities external link icon (UFGS-02 83 14.00 10), to include environmental air quality control and/or air sampling for baseline (pre-abatement) and final clearance phases.

 Asbestos Abatement Guideline Detail Sheets external link icon (EP 1110-1-11) provides abatement Guideline Detail Sheets that are used in conjunction with COE Specification for military construction (CEGS 02080) asbestos abatement.

Construction Criteria Base (CCB) external link icon is an extensive electronic library of construction guide specifications, manuals, standards, and many other essential criteria documents, published on the Internet by the non-profit NIBS.
Documents are organized into Libraries (Specifications, Regulations, Codes, Standards, Documents, CADD, Energy and Environment, Sustainable Design), then by Source and Category (additional subdivisions). Locate asbestos documents using the search feature.

Asbestos Analyzing and Sampling

Measurement Methods

OSHA ID160 , ID191

 NIOSH Method 7400 Asbestos Fibers by PCM external link icon  
Phase Contrast Microscopy      

  • Air and wipe samples only
  • OSHA required method
  • 3 to 1 ratio, > 5 microns
  • No identification of fiber types
  • Results in fibers per cc of air

 NIOSH Method 7402 Asbestos Fibers by TEM external link icon  
Transmission Electron Microscopy

  • Air and bulk samples
  • Fiber type identification
  • Two standard protocols
    • for occupational exposures
    • for clearance samples (EPA AHERA)
  • Results in structures per cc of air

 NIOSH Method 9000 Asbestos, Chrysotile by XRD external link icon      
X-Ray (Powder) Diffraction

  • Bulk sample (1-10 grams)
  • Determines if asbestos minerals are present
  • Analysis of percentage of chrysotile asbestos in bulk samples

 NIOSH Method 9002 Asbestos (bulk) by PLM external link icon 
Polarized Light Microscopy

  • Bulk and wipe samples only
  • Used with differential staining
  • Identification of fiber types
  • Results in percent (by volume)
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Asbestos external link icon

 External Link Industrial Hygiene Air Sampling and Bulk Sampling Guide (USAPHC Technical Guide 141)

Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Work

"Managing Asbestos in Place, A Building Owner's Guide to Operations and Maintenance Programs for Asbestos-Containing Materials" (the "EPA Green Book") and "Guidance for Controlling Asbestos-Containing Materials in Buildings" (the "EPA Purple Book") can be ordered from the  National Service Center for Environmental Publications external link icon.

Training and Certification

Installation personnel and contractors must be trained and certified to perform asbestos evaluation or abatement work.
They must meet any applicable State training, certification, and licensing requirements.
EPA's  training requirements external link icon, according to the Asbestos Model Accreditation Plan external link icon, apply to schools and public/commercial buildings.

State agencies that administer asbestos programs can provide lists of contractors who are certified to offer their services in those states.
Installations should review contractor qualifications as part of the selection process.

                                                     Asbestos Danger sign