Industrial Hygiene

Personal Protective Equipment

Last Updated: October 04, 2018
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​When engineering or administrative controls are not feasible, personal protective equipment can be used to protect workers. PPE is utilized only when hazards cannot be eliminated or reduced with engineering and administrative controls as demonstrated by the Hierarchy of Controls below

​Proper identification of hazards present, selection, maintenance, handling, and employee training on PPE are all essential to reduce workplace exposures.

Assessing the need for Personal Protective Equipment:

1. A written hazard assessment is the general requirement by OSHA

2. Example from OSHA:  Assessing the need for Personal Protective Equipment external link icon

3. Part of the PPE Assessment is: fit, maintenance, storage, limitations, and training on the proper use and maintenance of PPE


Main Topic Pages for Standards & Regulations on Personal Protective Equipment:

1.    OSHA Personal Protective Equipment external link icon

2.    NIOSH Personal Protective Equipment external link icon

3.    U.S. Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center Personal Protective Equipment external link icon

Head Protection:

1.    OSHA Head Protection  - general requirements for head protection

2.    U.S. Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center Head Protection  - information regarding helmets

Eye/Face Protection:

1.    OSHA Eye and Face Protection  - general requirements for eye and face protection

2.    OSHA Eye and Face Protection eTool  - provides industrial hygienists with a tool to look at PPE selection and OSHA requirements related to eye and face protection

3.    NIOSH Eye Safety external link icon

4.    USAPHC TG 006: Vision and Safety Eyewear Guide for U.S. Army Civilian and Military Job Series

5.    USAPHC Fact Sheet: Selecting the Appropriate Eye and Face Protection

6.    APHC Vision Conservation and Readiness page - provides industrial hygienists with guides on UV protection, combat eye protection, 10 rules of eye safety, and vision deployment pack

7.    APHC Respiratory Protection page 

Hearing Protection (ears):

1.    SHA Occupational Noise Exposure external link icon - Provides information about monitoring and establishing a hearing protection program

2.    OSHA Noise and Hearing Conservation eTool external link icon - Provides industrial hygienists with OSHA, ACGIH, and NIOSH Exposure guidelines, general industry standard, and much more!

3.    NIOSH Noise and Hearing Loss Prevention external link icon - Provides industrial hygienists with hearing loss facts, statistics, publications, tools, and standards

4.    NIOSH How to Choose Hearing Protection external link icon

5.    NIOSH Hearing Protector Device Compendium external link icon

6.    APHC Army Hearing Program page - Provides industrial hygienists with audiometric test booth certification form, DA PAM 40-501 Hearing Conservation Program, and DODI 6055.12 Hearing Conservation Program

7. Updated  DA Pam 40-501 Army Hearing Program, 8 Jan 2015

Body Protection:

1.    OSHA Chemical Protective Clothing external link icon

2.    NIOSH Protective Clothing and Ensembles external link icon

Foot  Protection:

OSHA Foot Protection external link icon

Hand Protection:

OSHA Hand Protection external link icon